Sponsored Schemes of “Project Tiger”
Lions and tigers have been accorded highest statutory protection, considering their endangered status, and have been placed under the Schedule I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, since its enactment.
Central Assistance is provided to States under the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of “Project Tiger” and “Development of
National Parks & Sanctuaries”, for protection and conservation of wild animals including lions and tigers. Other initiatives taken by the
Government of India for conservation of wild animals are given at Annexure-I.
The steps taken by the Government to protect wild animals, including lion and tiger, are as below:-
1. Amendment of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 for providing enabling provisions for constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Tiger and Other
Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau. The punishment in cases of offence within a tiger reserve has been enhanced.
The Act also provides for forfeiture of any equipment, vehicle or weapon that has been used for committing any wild life offence.
2. Strengthening of antipoaching activities, including special strategy for monsoon patrolling, by providing funding
support to Tiger Reserve States, as proposed by them, for deployment of antipoaching squads involving ex-army personnel / home guards,
apart from workforce comprising of local people, in addition to strengthening of communication / wireless facilities.
3. 100% Central Assistance provided to 17 Tiger Reserves as an additionality for deployment of Tiger Protection Force, comprising of ex-army personnel and local workforce.
4. Constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority with effect from 4.09.2006, for strengthening tiger
conservation by, interalia, ensuring normative standards in tiger reserve management, preparation of reserve specific tiger conservation plan, laying down annual / audit report
before Parliament, constituting State level Steering Committees under the Chairmanship of Chief Ministers and establishment of Tiger Conservation Foundation.
5. Constitution of a multidisciplinary Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau (Wildlife Crime
Control Bureau) with effect from 6.6.2007 comprising of officers from Police, Forest, Customs and other
enforcement agencies to effectively control illegal trade in wildlife.
6. Approval accorded for declaring eight new Tiger Reserves.
7. The revised Project Tiger guidelines have been issued to States for strengthening tiger conservation, which apart from ongoing activities,
interalia, include funding support to States for enhanced village
relocation/ rehabilitation package for people living in core or critical tiger habitats (from
Rs. 1 lakh/family to Rs. 10 lakhs/ family), rehabilitation/resettlement of communities involved in traditional hunting, mainstreaming livelihood and wildlife concerns in forests outside tiger reserves and fostering corridor conservation through restorative strategy to arrest habitat fragmentation.
8. A scientific methodology for estimating tiger (including
copredators, prey animals and assessment of habitat status) has been evolved and mainstreamed. The findings of this estimation/assessment are bench marks for future tiger conservation strategy.
9. Around 31111 sq.km. of critical/core tiger habitat identified in 17 States.
10. Memorandum of Understanding developed for better/concerted implementation of conservation inputs through
tiger reserve States.