gits4u.com  
   
Home >  water>>

Krishna River

  

Introduction
Source of Krishna River
Krishna River in plains
Dams on Krishna River
Krishna water award
History
Krishna in Hindu religion
Economy
Ecology
Bridges on Krishna river
Tributaries of River Krishna
Environment Protection
Krishna river Map

  Introduction

  Krishna river

  Krishna river is one of the longest rivers in central-southern India , about 1,300 kilometres (810 mi). flows through the states Maharashtra , Karnataka , Andhra Pradesh and ends in bay. Krishna river  is one of the disastrous rivers in the world, in that it causes heavy soil erosion during the monsoon season. It flows fast and furious, often reaching depths of over 75 feet.



    Source of Krishna River

  The Krishna river originates in the western ghats near Mahabaleshwar at height  of about 1,300 meter, in  Maharashtra   The Krishna river is around 1300 km in length and flows through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh before merging in the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh. The principle tributaries of the Krishna River includes Koyna, Bhima, Mallaprabha, Ghataprabha, Yerla, Warna, Dindi, Musi, Tungabhadra and Dudhganga rivers.

  Krishna River in plains

  The Krishna River originating in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra in the west, flows through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh  and meets the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh on the east coast.  Wai is the first city on the banks of Krishna in the Satara district. Sangli is the largest city on the river Krishna in Maharashtra state while Vijayawada is the largest city on the River Krishna in Andhra Pradesh .

  Dams on Krishna River

   Dam on Krishna river

  The big dams constructed across the Krishna river.are
* Dhom Balakwadi 
* Dhom Dam 
* Basava Sagar Dam 
* Almatti Dam 
* Srisailam Dam 
* Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
* Prakasham Barrage 
* Jurala Dam 
* Narayanpur Dam- downstream of Almatti Dam
* Amar Dam 
* Pulichitnthala Dam- is under construction.

  There is a big dam built just after the source of the river at Trimbakeshwar .

  Krishna water award

 The Andhra Pradesh government on March 16, 2011 informed the Assembly that it would file an appeal either in the Supreme Court or before the Krishna River Water Disputes Tribunal on March 29 against the Justice Brijesh Kumar Tribunal's award over allocation of Krishna water to the state. Opposition leader N Chandrababu Naidu blamed the Congress government for failing to protect the state's interests. The government will take suitable measures to protect the state's interests. We will fight for our rightful share of Krishna water said the chief minister.

  In a goodwill gesture, the Karnataka government on September 11, 2012 agreed before the Supreme Court to release 10,000 cusecs of water from Cauvery river to Tamil Nadu till September 20. In the wake of Karnataka's gesture, a bench of justices D K Jain and Madan Lokur refused to pass any order on Tamil Nadu's plea for direction to its neighbouring state to release 2 TMC of water. The bench hoped the Cauvery River Authority (CRA) headed by the Prime Minister would be able to find an "amicable" solution to the river water dispute.
  The court also disposed of Karnataka's plea, saying if it is kept pending, the authority might not find a solution to the dispute and will be ultimately left to it to decide it. The bench, however, allowed the state governments to take appropriate steps if the CRA meeting does not take place. The CRA, comprising chief ministers of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Kerala, is scheduled to take place on September 19.

  History

 The traditional source of Krishna river is  the mouth of a statue of a cow in the ancient temple of Mahadev in Mahabaleshwar. According to a legend, the Krishna River is Lord Vishnu himself as a result of a curse on the trimurtis by Savitri. The  tributaries of river Krishna, Venna and Koyana are said to be Lord Shiva (शिव)  and Brahma themselves. Four other tributaries of Krishna river, Koyana, Venna, Savitri and Gayatri, come out from the bull`s mouth just like  Krishna and they all travel some distance before merging into Krishna.

  Krishna in Hindu religion

  Krishna river is a sacred holy river for Hindus as the River Ganga (गंगा)River Yamuna (यमुना)   Godavari ( गोदावरी) River and River Narmada ( नर्मदा}. The river  is named on the name of the Lord Krishna. It is believed that by taking the ritual dip in its water can purify all the past sins of the human beings. The holy place on the river Krisna is "Dakshin Kashi Wai." famous for the Mahaganpati Mandir, Kashivishweshwar temple. Dattadeva temple in Maharashtra is located on the banks of Krishna at Narasoba Waadi and Audumber near Sangli Sangameshwar Shiva Temple at Haripur and Ramling Temple are located on the banks of river Krishna near Sangli  in Maharashtra state.

  Kudalasangama is located near Bagalkot in Karnataka which is an Aikya linga of Basaveshwara  Srisailam, one of the twelve jyotirlingas, has an ancient temple for Lord Shiva  .Sangameswra swamy temple (seen only during summer) is situated near atmakur. The international Kalachakra festival was celebrated in the presence of Dalai Lama in Amaravati , the capital of imperial Satavahanas who held sway over South India for 400 years and a great seat of Buddhist learning and wisdom. Vijayawada on the left bank of the river has a famous temple situated on Indrakeeladri mountain dedicated to Goddess Kanaka Durga

 Mallikārjuna, also called Śrīśaila is located on a mountain on the bank of Krishna River Srisailam, in Kurnool District in Andhra Pradesh. Mallikarjuna in an ancient temple that is architecturally and sculpturally rich. Here Shakti peeta and  Jyotirlinga (ज्योतिर्लिङ्ग)  are together. Adi Shankara composed his Sivananda Lahiri here.

 Krishna Phase-III overcomes financial hurdle
 
The supply of water from the Krishna river to the city and the peripheral areas of Greater Hyderabad will commence within 18 months after the financial roadblocks are resolved, said officials.The prestigious Krishna drinking water supply project phase-III, which faced a major roadblock in securing Rs 1,500 crore financial assistance from Hudco, has now been cleared after several rounds of talks, officials informed.

  Economy

  The  River Krishna is  very important for the economically development of this region. Krishna Basin extends over an area of 258,948 square kilometres (99,980 sq mi) which is nearly 8% of total geographical area of the country. The basin lies in the states of Andhra Pradesh (113,271 km²), Karnataka (76,252 km²) and Maharashtra (69,425 km²). The important soil types found in the basin are black soils, red soils, laterite and lateritic soils, alluvium, mixed soils, red and black soils and saline and alkaline soils. The delta of the river is one of the most fertile regions in India.

   Ecology

 The Mangrove forests in the Krishna estuary have been declared as the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary is the home to the large number of resident and migratory birds. Fishing cat, otter, Estuarine crocodile, spotted deer, sambar, black buck </animals/mammals/black-buck.html>, snake, lizards and jackal can also be spotted in the sanctuary. The sanctuary also supports rich vegetation with plants like Rhizophora, Avicennia, and Aegiceros.

   Tributaries of River Krishna

 The most important tributary of Krishna river is the Tungabhadra River , which is formed by the Tunga River and Bhadra River ( originate in the Western Ghats) . Other tributaries include the Venna River , Koyna River , Bhima River ( its tributaries such as the Kundali River feeding into the Upper Bhima River Basin), Malaprabha River , Ghataprabha River, Yerla River, Warna River, Dindi River, Paleru River , Musi River and Dudhganga River.
   The rivers Venna ,Koyna , Vasna, Panchganga ,Dudhganga, Ghataprabha,  Malaprabha and Tungabhadra join Krishna river from the right bank; while the Yerla River, Musi River, The river Maneru and river Bhima  join the Krishna river from the left bank. Three tributaries meet Krishna river near Sangli . Warana River meets Krishna river near Sangli at Haripur.This spot is also known as Sangameshwar . Panchganga River meets Krishna river at Narsobawadi near Sangli.

   Environment Protection

  The pollution in River Krishna is increasing and it is dying at an increasing rate. The river receives the waste from the large number of cities including Hyderabad, Pune, Satara, Kolhapur, Kurnool and many more. The sewages from the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad flows into it. Large number of industrial units operates from the river basin which are the main reason for the water pollution in the Krishna river. 

  Maharashtra government released 300 cusecs of water from Varana reservoir into Krishna river on Monday evening. It had released 600 cusecs of water on May 5, 2012 evening from Rajapur barrage into the river and on May 7, 2012 evening the government released 1,600 cusecs of water into Krishna river.

  Maharashtra government’s decision to release water by setting aside all controversies is expected to be an initiative to build healthy relations with Karnataka. Sensing problems faced in drought hit areas of North Karnataka, the mentioned delegation approached Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan last month. They tried convincing him to facilitate 5 TMC ft of water to Karnataka for tackling the drought, but he agreed to provide 2 TMC ft.

   Bridges on Krishna river

  The big bridges on Krishna river are 
 * Krishna Bridge, Wai -  Krishna Bridge   is one of the old bridges bulit by the British period. This bridge is built in the black rock with the attractive 9 kaman's.

  * Irwin Bridge, Sangli - This is one of the oldest, historic and largest bridges built on river Krishna during the British rule. This Bridge is built of Red colored stone and has two passages to climb down in the middle of the bridge and view the river water. The Ex Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Late Shri Vasantdada Patil who led the freedom struggle in Western Maharashtra himself jumped into river Krishna from Irwin Bridge when he was chased by the British army.

 * Ankali Bridge, Sangli - This is also one of the oldest bridges built during the British rule. This bridge connects Maharashtra to Karnataka state.

    
Krishna river bund is to get a facelift

 Krishna river bund in the city is likely to get a facelift as Chief Minister N. Kiran Kumar Reddy agreed to sanction Rs 100 crore to construct a retaining wall at a stretch of 2.7 km along the river bund. In addition, the VGTM urban development authority also proposed construction of a check dam downstream of Prakasam barrage at Yenamalakuduru to preserve water during rainy season and to promote water sports in the city. If both the projects materialise the Krishna river bund would get a facelift.
 The encroachments in the river bed increased and during the rainy season officials are facing a tough task to evacuate the encroachers. The low-lying areas of Ramalingeswaranagar, Gitanagar, Ranigarithota are getting inundated every year during rainy season and officials are forced to evacuate thousands of people.
   Absence of turbine cost state Rs. 1,275 cr
  The Comptroller and Auditor General has pointed out that not constructing reverse turbines on the weir across the Krishna river, which was to be part of the Srisailam left bank canal project, has cost the state Rs. 1,275 crore between 2002 and 2006. 
  The reverse turbines would have allowed water to be re-used for power generation, ensuring the generation of another 900 MW even during low flow and summer months. The weir project could not be completed because AP Genco did not take prior permission of the forest and other departments. This
resulted in an increased cost of power totallingRs. 1,500 crore, which Genco proposed passing on to the consumer.

   Krishna river Map


View Larger Map
 

 

 

Site copyright ã 2006,  gits4u.com  All Rights Reserved.