On September 19, 2012, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh , who is also the
Chairman of Cauvery River Authority (CRA), directed Karnataka to release 9,000 cusecs of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu at Biligundlu (the border)
daily from September 21, 2012. But Karnataka felt that this was impractical due to the drought conditions prevailing because of the
failed monsoon. Karnataka then walked out of the high level meeting as a sign of protest. On Sep 21, 2012, Karnataka filed a petition before the Cauvery River
Authority seeking review of its September 19 ruling. On Sep 24 ,2012, Tamil Nadu Chief minister directed the officials to
immediately file a petition in the Supreme Court seeking a direction to Karnataka to release Tamil Nadu its due share of water.
On September 28, 2012, the Supreme Court slammed the Karnataka government for
failing to comply with the directive of the CRA. Left with no other option, Karnataka started releasing water. This led
to wide protests and violence in Karnataka. In an interim relief to Tamil Nadu, the Supreme Court directed
Karnataka on December 5, 2012 to release 10,000 cusecs of Cauvery water per day to its neighbouring state and asked the Cauvery Monitoring Committee
(CMC) to hold a meeting to decide the amount of water required by each state.
Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal final award
On February 19, 2013 centre notified the Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal final award.
*With this, the future sharing of water among all Cauvery basin states, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala and the Union Territory of
Puducherry, will be based on the final award. Now, water sharing is being done as per the interim award of the tribunal.
The tribunal, comprising chairman Justice N P Singh and members N S Rao
and Sudhir Narain, in a unanimous award pronounced on February 5, 2007, determined the total availability of water in the Cauvery basin at 740
tmc feet at the Lower Coleroon Anicut site. The tribunal gave Tamil Nadu 419 tmc of water (as against the demand of
562 tmc); Karnataka 270 tmc (as against its demand of 465 tmc); Kerala 30 tmc and Puducherry 7 tmc. For environmental protection, it had reserved 10 tmc.
Eight reservoirs in Cauvery basin "Hemavathy, Harangi, Kabini and Krishnarajasagara in Karnataka,
Lower Bhavani, Amaravathy, Mettur in Tamil Nadu and Banasurasagar in Kerala" will come under the monitoring of
the Cauvery Management Board.
According to Hindu Mythology a king Kavera lived in the Brahmagiri hills and prayed to Lord Brahma for a
child. He was blessed with a daughter whom he named Kaveri. She was the
water manifestation of the human form. The great sage Agastya married her and kept her in his kamandalu or the spouted jug. When a terrible
drought trounced the land, Ganesha in the guise of a crow, tipped the kamandalu and out flowed Kaveri.
The Chola king Karikalan has constructed the bank for the Kaveri all the way from Puhar
(Kaveripoompattinam) to Srirangam. It was built as far back as 1,600 years ago or even more. On both sides of the river are
found walls spreading to a distance of 1,080 feet (330 m). The Kallanai dam constructed by him on the border between
Tiruchirappalli and Thanjavur was made with earth and stone and has stood the vagaries of nature for
hundreds of years. In 19th century, it was renovated on a bigger scale. The name of the
historical dam has since been changed to “Grand Anicut” and stands as the head of a great irrigation system in the Thanjavur district.
Kaveri River in Hindu religion
Kaveri river or Cauvery river is a sacred holy river for Hindus as the River Ganga (गंगा),
River Yamuna (यमुना) Godavari ( गोदावरी) River and
River Narmada ( नर्मदा}. The Kaveri River is often known as Dakshin Ganga or the `Ganges
of the South`. The river is embodied as the Goddess Kaveri Amman, who is worshipped at several shrines along the course of the river. According
to Hindu legends, Vishnumaya or Lopamudra, daughter of Lord Brahma, took birth on the earth as the child of the Kavera Muni and later was married
to Sage Agasthaya. Later, she took the form of the river Kaveri in order to serve mankind.
It is said that a bath in Cauvery during Tula month, a bath in Prayaag during
Maagha month, and a dip in Setu during ardhodhayaa period can be possible only as a fruit of penance done in ten million lives. These
Holy Baths have the power to remove pancha paatakaas (five major sins that can drag the Soul down in its ascent towards Divine Realization),
and can cause liberation to the entire line of ancestors. According to Agni Puraanam,
“ShaTShaShTi kOti tIrthAni dvisaptha bhuvanEShu cha.
KEshavasya AjnayA yAnti thulAmAse marudvridhAm”
The three major river islands at Kaveri have a strong Vaishnava heritage, with sculptures of
Lord Vishnu विष्णु) in a reclining posture on the legendary seven-headed
serpent (Sesha ) as his celestial bed (Sheshashayana). These three temples are known as Adi Ranga, Madya Ranga, and Anthya
Ranga. On the banks of the Kaveri is the ancient temple town of Talakad where the holy festival Panchalinga Darshana is held every 12 years and devotees bathe
in the Kaveri River.
The Kaveri river providing water for irrigation, water for
household consumption and the generation of electricity in the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
An estimate at the time of the first Five Year Plan puts the total flow of the Kaveri at
12,000,000 acre feet (15 km^3 ), of which 60% was used for irrigation. The Torekadanahalli pumpstation sends 540 Mld (million liters per day)
of water from Kaveri 100 km to Bangalore. The river has supported irrigated agriculture for
centuries and served as the lifeblood of the cities of South India.
On either side of Kaveri
river are several water falls. At Sivanasamudra the river drops 320 ft (98 m), forming the famous Shivanasamudra Falls known separately as
Gagana Chukki and Bhara Chukki Three kilometers away from Srirangapatna , the
Kaveri is the basis for the Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary. The river also joins the Hogenakal Falls before arriving
in the town of Hogenakal and Srirangam in Tamil Nadu.
Centre notifies Cauvery Dispute Tribunal award
Amid opposition from Karnataka, the Centre on February 19, 2013 notified the
Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal final award. *With this, the future sharing of water among all Cauvery basin states,
Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala and the Union Territory of Puducherry,
will be based on the final award. Now, water sharing is being done as
per the interim award of the tribunal. The notification, which was issued as per the Supreme Court direction
that set the deadline of February 20, will come into effect within 90 days from Tuesday. "The notification was issued on February 19, 2013 and sent
for publication in a Gazette. It will be available for public on February 20.
However, the sources maintained that the legal battle on the water
sharing in court will continue as the Supreme Court is yet to decide on the fate of the petitions filed by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu against the final award.
With the notification, institutions like the Cauvery River Authority (CRA) chaired by the prime minister and the Cauvery Monitoring Committee
(CMC) will now cease to exist. And Cauvery Management Board and Cauvery Water Regulation Committee will be constituted.
Rejecting the Karnataka's demand of the retaining the CRA and CMC,
ministry officials said, "Notification will be done as per the final award of the tribunal and the Centre has no power to modify the tribunal
River Kaveri in Tamil Nadu features lovely waterfalls and gorges,
among them the most famous is the Hogenakkal falls in Dharmapuri District which serves as great tourist spots.