God Surya is the King of all the planets and is responsible for controlling all their movements.
The Sun in Vedic astrology is called RAVI, or SURYA. In western tropical astrology, the Sun rules the Sign of Leo. He is exalted in the sign of Aries, and he is in his fall in the sign of Libra.
Vedic astrology the Sun is known as the ATMAKARAKA, means .an "indicator of the soul." The Sun is the indicator of the father, our ego, honors, status, fame, the heart, the eyes, general vitality, respect and power.
He is particularly beneficial for the fire sign Ascendants of Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius. His nature, or temperament is PITTA, or fiery, and the gemstone associated with the Sun is the red
ruby. The Sun's metal is Gold and his direction is east. His day is Sunday, and he comes into full maturity and brilliance at age 22.
The Vedas adore him as a witness (Sakshi) of all actions. He is the lord of Leo in the Zodiac. He stays one month in each Rasi and takes 365 days or 12 months to complete a round of 12 Rasis. Worship of
Surya on Sunday is supposed to bring in manifold benefits to the worshippers.
Our solar system consists of an average star we call the Sun with the planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. It includes: the satellites of the planets; numerous comets, asteroids, and
meteoroids; and the interplanetary medium.
Our solar system the part of whole solar system, together with the local stars visible on a clear night, orbits the center of our home galaxy, a spiral disk of 200 billion stars we call the Milky Way.
Again Our galaxy, one of billions of galaxies known, is traveling through intergalactic space. The order of planets revolving around the Sun are:
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. On February 14, 1990, the cameras of Voyager 1 pointed back
toward the Sun and took a series of pictures of the Sun and the planets, making the first ever "portrait" of our solar system as seen from the outside.
Lord Surya helps one gain his eyesight and SURYA NAMASKAR
will strengthen one's bones, cure illness, however severe it may be, cleanses the devotee from his sins and bestows on him progeny, wealth, good-health and long life. He is the cause for rainfall benefiting the world.
The lord Surya is prayed in the simplest way by folding one's hands in a namaskar at the time of sunrise. A simple chant of Om Suryaye Namah
pleases the lord Surya. A Hindu worship Lord Surya at the rising of the Sun, known as Surya namaskāra. There are twelve physical postures (asanas), which correspond to the
twelve signs of the zodiac. During the sun's apparent journey through the heavens it passes through each of zodiac, and is said to triumph
over each sign as it enters its domain. Associated with each other of the twelve positions of Surya Namaskar is a specific mantra. The 12 mantras for surya namaskara:
ॐ मित्राय नमः (aum mitrāya namah)
ॐ रवये नमः (aum ravayé namah )
ॐ सूर्याय नमः (aum sūryāya namah )
ॐ भानवे नमः (aum bhānavé namah )
ॐ खगय नमः (aum khagāya namah )
ॐ पुष्णे नमः (aum pushné namah)
ॐ हिरण्यगर्भाय नमः (aum hiranyagarbhāya namah)
ॐ मारिचाये नमः (aum mārichāyé namah)
ॐ आदित्याय नमः (aum ādityāya namah)
ॐ सावित्रे नमः (aum sāvitré namah)
ॐ आर्काय नमः (aum ārkāya namah)
ॐ भास्कराय नमः (aum bhāskarāya namah)
The Gayatri Mantra is also associated with Surya. Another hymn associated with Surya is the Aditya Hridayam, recited by the great sage Agastya to
Lord Ram (श्री राम) on the warfield before the fight with Ravana in Lanka.
Surya temples solely dedicated to lord Surya are found in India. Surya temple at Ranakpur is an ancient temple dating back to the fifteenth century. Another famous temple dedicated to Surya dev is found in
Konark, Orissa. The Sun temple at Konark near Bhubaneshwar in Orissa was constructed by King Narasimhadeva in the 13 th Century A.D. The Konark temple has been declared a UNESCO world heritage site.
Surya temple at Ranakpur
The most distinctive edifice of its kind in the world — the Sun
Temple in the coastal town of Konark in Orissa. The 13th-Century temple is designed as a huge chariot with 12 pairs of exquisitely-carved massive wheels pulled by seven galloping horses, with the Sun God in the
sanctum as the charioteer. The design symbolises passage of time as commandeered by the Sun, with the wheels representing hours of the day
and horses, days of the week.
Other temples dedicated to Surya are in Arasavilli, Srikakulam District in Andhra Pradesh, one in Gujarat and another in Rajasthan.