Lord Shiva is the Lord of mercy and compassion. He protects devotees from evil forces such as lust, greed, and anger. He grants boons, bestows grace
and awakens wisdom in His devotees. Veda, Purans, Upnishdas, Sruti and Smarti, Brahmins and all Hindu scriptures accepts that ay one who worships Lord Shiva can attain The Supreme Bliss and Moksha.
Rig Veda: Rudra is mentioned along with a litany of other deities in Rig Veda 7.40.5. The RV 6.49.10 calls Rudra as " The Father of the Universe". (bhuvanasya pitarah)
भुवनस्य पितरं गीर्भिराभी रुद्रं दिवा वर्धया रुद्रमक्तौ |
बर्हन्तं रष्वमजरं सुषुम्नं रधग घुवेम कविनेषितासः ||
bhuvanasya pitaram ghīrbhirābhī rudram divā vardhayā rudramaktau |
brhantam rshvamajaram sushmnam rdhagh ghuvema kavineshitās
'Rudra by day, Rudra at night we honour with these our songs, the Universe's Father. Him great and lofty, blissful, undecaying let us call specially as the Sage impels us '
The RV 2.33.9 calls Rudra as "The Lord or Sovereign of the Universe" (īśānādasya bhuvanasya)
सथिरेभिरङगैः पुरुरूप उग्रो बभ्रुः शुक्रेभिः पिपिशेहिरण्यैः |
ईशानादस्य भुवनस्य भूरेर्न वा उ योषद रुद्रादसुर्यम ||
sthirebhiranghaih pururūpa ughro babhruh śukrebhih pipiśehiranyaih |
īśānādasya bhuvanasya bhūrerna vā u yoshad rudrādasuryam ||
'With firm limbs, multiform, the strong, the tawny adorns himself with bright gold decorations: The strength of Godhead never departs from Rudra, him who is Sovereign of this world, the mighty.'
Yajur Veda: In the various recensions of the Yajur Veda is included a litany of stanzas praising Rudra: (Maitrāyanī-Samhitā 2.9.2, Kāthaka-Samhitā 17.11, Taittirīya-Samhitā 4.5.1, and Vājasaneyi-Samhitā 16.1–14).
Aspects of Lord Siva: Siva is known by several names and worshipped in various forms as:
Panchanana Siva: In some temples Siva is shown with five faces. These five faces are Isana, Tatpurusa, Aghora, Vamadeva and Sadyojata. Isana faces south east and represents Iswara aspect of Siva known as
Sadasiva, or the Eternal Siva. Tatpurusha faces the east. He is Siva in his aspect as a deluded purusha or ego. Aghora faces the south and represents the destructive and regenerative aspect of Siva that,
like fire, first devours life and then prepares the ground for its renewal. Vamadeva faces north. He is healer and preserver. Sadyojata faces west and represents creative power of Siva.
Anugrahamurthy: This is the milder or peaceful aspect of Lord Shiva when he is in the company of his beloved devotees or his family members.
Ugramurthy: Also known as Raudra , Bhairava, Kankala or Samharamurthy, this is the ferocious or angry form of Siva, generally associated with the events during which Siva assumed his terrible form to slay the demons or the wicked.
Tandavamurthy: Lord Siva in the Tandav dance forms.
Dakshinamurthy: This is Siva in his aspect as the universal teacher, teaching the secrets of yoga,
tantras, yantras, alchemy, magic, occult knowledge, arts and sciences, ancient history or knowledge of the future to the sages and saints, gods and goddesses and his devotees.
Lingodhbhava-murthy: This image signifies the importance of Siva in the form of Linga as the Supreme Self, without a beginning and without an end.
Bhikshatana-murthi. This is Siva in his ascetic aspect, wandering from place to place, with a begging bowl made of human skull, doing penance or lost in his own thoughts.
Hridaya-murthy: This is Siva in a mood of reconciliation and friendship with Vishnu.
Natraja : Shiva Nataraj's dance represents both the destruction and the creation of the universe and reveals the cycles of death, birth and rebirth. His Dance of Bliss is for the welfare of the world.
Under his feet, Shiva crushes the demon of ignorance called Apasmara Purusha, caused by forgetfulness.
The tallest Shivalinga in India are:
1. Kotijingeswar, Karnatka 108 feets
2.Maha Shivlinga -108 feets
3 Har Har Dham mandir, Jharkhand - 65 feet
4 Madhya predesh, Bhojpur -22 feet