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Chhath ( छठ) Puja 2015

  Chhath or Dala Chhath

  Chhath ( छठ ) is an ancient Hindu festival dedicated to the worship of the Lord Sun (सूर्य)  It is mainly celebrated in northeast region of India in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, some parts of Chhattisgarh., Jharkhand and Terai, Nepal.

  Chhath Puja

Chhath is celebrated twice a year for four days each once in summer (May-July), called the Chaiti Chhath and the second time in winter (October- November) which is known as Kartik Chhath.  
   The Chhath denotes the number 6 in Hindi and the festival begins on the sixth day of the Hindu lunar month of Kartik (October-November). The festival of Chhath begins a week after Diwali (दीपावली ). and extends to four days.



  Chhath, celebrated days as: 
 Nahay Khay-  November  15, 2015
 Day of Fast -  November  16, 2015
Sandhya Arga -November  17, 2015
Suuryodaya Argh -November  18, 2015 

  The Chhath puja celebration is made compulsorily at bank of river, pond, lake, canals etc and aragh to the setting and rising sun. The devotees sing folk songs in groups. The observing fast for complete 3 days and strict rules of worship demonstrate the religious sentiment, high faith and discipline in people of the region. The folk songs sung on the eve of Chhath shows the culture, social structure, mythology and history of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.

  Chhath is a festival dedicated to the Lord Sun (सूर्य). The worshiper after ritual bathing, worship the Sun God, usually on the bank of a river or a water tank. Since Chhath is dedicated to the worship of the Sun God, so it is also known as Surya Shashti. Chhatt is celebrated as thanks to the Sun for providing the necessities of life on earth, and also for fulfilling particular wishes.

  The ritual of Chhath puja mentioned in the ancient Rigveda contains hymns worshiping the Sun god. The rituals also find reference in Mahabharta text in which Draupadi is depicted as observing Chhath Puja.
   The main worshipers are usually women  called "Parvaitin". However, a large number of  men also observe this festival. The parvaitin pray for the well-being of their family, for prosperity and for offspring. Once a family starts performing Chhatt Puja, it is carried on also to the following generations.

   The four days of Festival

   The festival of Chhath is marked by celebrations and rituals that last four days.

  First day (called Nahay-Khay ): The devotees bathe in the holy River Ganga (गंगा) to wash away their sins and carry home the holy water of the river Ganges to prepare the offerings. On this day they also clean their homes thoroughly.

  Second day (called Kharna): The devotees observe a fast for the whole day, which is broken in late evening, after performing the puja at home. Generally the devotees offer kheer  and fruit to Sun God and then the food is shared  with family and friends.

   Third day:: On this day the the devotees go to a riverbank or pond with the Prasad prepared at home and the Prasad is offered to the setting sun. After return at  home they worship Agni with earthen lamps, and baskets filled with prasad.

   Fourth day: On the final day of the festivities the devotees with family and friends go to the riverbank. Prasad is offered to the rising sun. The devotees is then break their fast and the prasad is  distributed among all the people.

  Mythology

  The ancient Mahabharata there is a references of worshipping of sun by Draupadi, wife of the Pandavas. She believed that by worship of Sun-God helps to cure a variety of diseases, including leprosy, and ensure longevity and prosperity of family members, friends, and elders. It is also believed that Chhath was started by Karna, the son of Surya, a great warrior and fought against the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra War.

  Chhath Puja in the country

  Chhath Puja in Bihar:  Large numbers of people in Patna thronged the banks of the Ganga river celebrate the  festival Chhat Puja or worship of sun God. on November 15, 2014. The festival is especially significant for married women who observe a two-day fast and offer prayers standing waist- deep in water for at least two hours and offer fruits and flowers to Surya, the Sun God. People go to bathing ghats on river banks  with traditional music and pay obeisance to both the rising and the setting sun during the festival.

   Chhath festival celebrations in Bihar’s capital Patna turned tragic on November 19, 2012 as a stampede broke out around sunset at Adalatganj ghat and led to at least 18 deaths, including of children and women. Many others were injured in the incident

  Chhath Puja in Delhi: The Chhath Festival is basically a major festival of Bihar, but is celebrated with equal devotion in Delhi as well. For Chhath celebrations in New Delhi, several ghats at the River Yamuna (यमुना) in the city are reserved. The puja takes place at these ghats only. Performed both by men as well as by women, the puja preparations start with the end of Diwali (दीपावली ).

  Chhath Puja in Mumbai:  There are nearly 10 Lakhs people of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in Mumbai. They will celebrate  Chhath puja on November 17, 2015 this year at  JUHU BEACH.

  Other states: Chhath  festival is celebrated in the northeast region of India, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and parts of Chhattisgarh. Even in Tamil Nadu, the migrants from the north celebrate the Chhath festival.

  Chhath Puja in Nepal : Hindus in Terai region of Nepal are celebrating the first day of Chhath, an ancient Hindu festival dedicated to the Hindu Sun God, Surya. The festival is performed on kartika Shukala Shashti, which is 6th day of Kartik month in the Nepali calendar. People of Terai celebrate Chhath festival in the capital city too by congregating around ponds and streams in Ranipokhari, Thapathali, Aurighat, Balkhu including other places.

 Chhat Puja -Vedio

 

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