The Sikhs everywhere celebrate Baisakhi enthusiastically as birthday anniversary of the
Khalsa. Akhand patths are recited followed by kirtan and ardas in almost every
gurdwara. Community meals form part of the celebrations. At bigger centres congregational fairs,
amrit-prachar, i. e. initiation ceremonies for inducting novitiates into the Khalsa fold, and contests in manly sports are held.
Until the partition of the Punjab in 1947, the largest attended Baisakhi fairs were those of Panja Sahib and
Eminabad, in Gujranwala (now both in Pakistan). The most important venues now are the Sri Darbar Sahib,
Amritsar, Takht Damdama Sahib at Talvandi Sabo, in Bathinda district, and Takht Kesgarh Sahib, Anandpur Sahib, in Ropar district, all in the Punjab.
It was at Kesgarh Fort that conversion of Sikhs into the Khalsa through the administration of khande di
pahul, or baptism of the double-edged sword, first took place on the Baisakhi day of 1699.(Sikh Encyclopedia)
To mark the celebrations, devotees, irrespective of Sikh religion, throng at
gurdwara the Sikh place of worship. The main celebration takes place at Talwandi
Sabo (where Guru Gobind Singh stayed for nine months and completed the recompilation of the Guru Granth
Sahib), and in the gurdwara at Anandpur Sahib, the birth place of Khalsa and at the Golden Temple in
Historic Panja Sahib gurdwara, Pakistan
Five thousand Sikh pilgrims are due to arrive at the Wagah border by the Samjhauta Express
on April 11, 2010 to visit their sacred shrines in Pakistan on the occasion of
Baisakhi. The festivities at the historic Panja Sahib gurdwara, starting Monday, would
carry on until Wednesday - Baisakhi day. The pilgrims will return to India April 21..
observed as new year
Baisakhi is observed as the beginning of the Hindu solar new year
in many states in India. In Himachal Pradesh the Hindu Goddess Jwalamukhi is worshipped on
Vaisakhi/ In Bihar the Baisakhi day the Sun-god Surya is
worshiped. The Baisakhi festival is celebrated as Rongali Bihu in Assam, Naba Barsha or Pohela Boishakh in Bengal, Assam and Tripura, Puthandu
(Tamil New Year) in Tamil Nadu, Vishu (or Vaishakhi) in Kerala, Maha Vishuba
Sankranti in Orissa, and the Sinhala and Tamil new year festival in Sri Lanka.