Churu (चूरू) is a major town of Rajasthan, India and is presently the administrative headquarters of Churu District. Churu is located at 26.6° N 75.45° E. It has an average elevation of 315 metres
(1033 feet). Churu is on Rewari - Bikaner section of Northern Railway. The name of railway station is Churu Junction. The railway tracks are
meter gauge. There are plans to convert these to broad gauge. Churu is connected to all major cities by all weather roads.
According to historical documents Churu was founded in 1620 by a Jat chieftain Churru.
It was part of Jangladesh prior to annexation by Rathores. Churu was ruled by Thakur Maldeo, the grandson of the
famous Rao Kandhal and uncle of Rao Bika, the Rathore Rajputs of Bikaner. In 1871 Churu fall to Bikaner. In this battle between the
forces of Churu and Bikaner when all the copper and brass had been exhausted, Churu Thakur asked his womenfolk to part off their silver
ornaments and with this metal, shells for the cannons were made and used in the battle. The famous temple of
Salasar (सालासर) Balaji is situated in the Churu district
Population: As of 2001 India census, Churu had a population of 97,648. Males constitute 52% of the population and
females 48%. Churu has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72% and, female
literacy is 51%. In Churu, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Dialect: The main language of the people of town is Rajasthani and Hindi.
There are many temples in the city mostly dedicated to Hindu deities – Hanuman,
Bhagwan Ram, Krishana, Satyanarain, Durga Mata, Santoshi Mata Local Deities Gogaji, Ramdevji, Karni Mataji, Shitala Mata and a few Mosques.
For Jains there is a Digambar Jain Mandir. Also there is a Dharam Stup
Agriculture: Bajra, Gwar, Moth, Moong, gram and now wheat.
Economy: The economy of the town and surrounding area is mainly based on
agriculture and animal husbandry. The oilseeds, especially mustard seed, is the predominant crop in recently developed small,
well-irrigated fields. Wheat, kharif pulses, bajra (pearl millet), and gwar are other produces. Churu is the main mandi (market) for
agricultural produce of the area. The town has a Krishi Upaj Mandi Samiti (Agricultural Produce Market Committee) . The Food Corporation
of India has its warehouses in Churu. The town is the main supply point for surrounding villages.
There is no large or medium size industry in the Bhinmal industrial area.
The main small-scale industries are granite slabs and tiles, cutting and polishing, and mustard seed crushing.
Climate: This City shows maximum range
of temperature in any given 12 month and often comes into news for extreme temperatures in winters and summers; with lowest rain. The recorded
minimum and maximum temperatures are -6 °C (21 F) and 52 °C (125 F) respectively.
Churu constituency elects one member to the Vidhan Sabha ( Rajasthan State Assembly) & one to Lok Sabha
Narendra Budania - Member of Parliament elected from Churu in 1985, 1996 and 1998.
Ramsingh Kasba - the present member of Parliament elected from Churu.
Maqbol Mandelia (Cong.) - the present MLA from Churu.
Churu Collector: Shri Rohit Gupta
Churu Municipality: The chairman is Shree Ramakant Ojha
Churu Panchayat Samity: The
Pradhan of churu Panchayat Samity (in 2010 election) is Ranjeet Satra. from
Congress. There are 35 Gram Pnachyats.
Railways: Churu is Railway Junction, now
connected by a broad gauge railway line to Delhi, Ratangarh, Degana. Soon it will be connected to Bikaner. It is connected
to Sikar, Jaipur through old meter gauge railway lines.
Road Transport: Churu is connected to all
major cities and towns through a good network of roads
Electricity- There is one sub grid station of 220 KV at Churu itself.
The town receives power from Power Grid Corporation of India's grid station in Hissar Haryana. Almost all villages of the Churu sub division are electrified.
Water- The town gets drinking water from local wells which is hard and salty.
The town area drinking water supply is managed by PHED (water dept. of Govt. of Rajasthan). The Govt. is trying to get drinking water for the area from Indira
Gandhi Canal. The main source of irrigation for farmers continues to be rain
water and wells at a few places.
Accommodation- There are a few hotels in the town. Some well known
hotels are: Rathore Lodge, Hotel Natraj, etc. There is a Government Rest house and Circuit House too run by Public Works Department (PWD).
Telecommunications- All the basic phone and cellphone service provider
companies have their network in Churu. Internet and fax services is available at Public booths.
Sports- The town has a Stadium. It has indoor & outdoor games facilities. The yearly state level tournaments can be held here.
Banking: Many nationalised Banks State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur ,
Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda, Rajasthan Bank & some other banks have their brances here. Some co-operative banks also have their
branches in the town. They are: Churu Central Cooperative Bank and Bhumi Vikas Bank.
Library: The town has a public libraries managed by the Government
Rest House: There is a Government Rest house and Circuit House run by
Public Works Department(PWD) of Rajasthan government.
Churu town has a famous Post-graduate College called Lohia College
affiliated University of Bikaner. There are several higher secondary and primary
and middle schools in Churu. Major schools of Churu are: The Walden Pond Sr. Sec. School,
Lakshmipat Singhania Academy, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Adarsh Vidya Mandir, Montesory School, Jain Swetambar School and Bagla senior secondary school (the oldest of
Shekhawati region by Bhagwandas Bagla, Eurokids pre-school teaching children education services
Churu town has good medical facilities .The town has a
government Bhartiya hospital and a few private hospitals. There is an Aryuvedic hospital too.
There are several social Organisation in Churu. The famous is Nagar Shree, Churu Nagrik Parishad, Churu Rishikul
Bramchyra Aharam, Churu Pinjrapol, Marudhar Yuva Sansthan, Dudhwa Mitha etc. The famous cultural activites centre is Churu Town Hall.
Industries and Arts
There is no big industry in Churu. Some small industries in the Industrial area of Churu
are - Cement Factories
Handicraft Industries, Stone Industries, Bricks and Building Material Industries etc
The Cottage Industries are - Soap, Paper, Plastic Bags, Oils,
Shree Jaidyal Goenka - Founder 'Kalyan"
Swami Gopal Das - freedom fighter
Devendra Jhajharia - India's first ever gold medalist at the Paralympics
Swami Keshwanand - freedom fighter
Seth Sagarmaljee Mantri
Om Prakash Ramgariya
Jai Singh Rathore General Secretary, Rajasthan PCC
Karni Singh Rathore KIRTI CHAKRA receipant
Mohar Singh Rathore - a Gandhian social & Polital activist
Daulatram Saran - freedom fighter
Prof. Dasharatha Sharma
Prahlad Rai Sharma
Vidyavachaspati Pandit Vidyadhar Shastri
Mukun Singh writer of Dingl VELI
Seth Ridhkaran Surana
Bhart Vyas - well known Geetkar of Film Industry
| Places to Visit
S.S. Poddar Haveli
Nagar Shree Museum
Surana Hawa Mahal
Seth handmal Banthia Haveli
Sagarmal Hanut Mal Baid Haveli
Ganga Mata Temple
Seth Chaganlal Parak Haveli
Seth Bajranglal Manri Haveli
Nathji ka Dhora
Bunthia walo ki Haveli
Wall painting and Havelies:
The famous wealthy Marwari merchants of the town, added to its splendour by building beautiful majestic
havelis, made of lime and brick and decorated them by the best of the frescoes on the
facade as well as inside of the rooms. The best of the masons and 'Chitera' or
painters were employed to decorate these buildings. Some merchants, the Mantries, Suranas and Kotharis got
few rooms painted in gold with extensive mirror work. There is yet another haveli
known as 'Jahaz Kothi' These wall painting attracts foreign tourists.
The Collectorate circle
| Major Festivals and Events
major festivals of Churu are : Ginnar in Holi festival, Famous Chang
compaction of Churu, Gangoor Mela, Gogaji Mela, Ramdevaji Mela,
Ramlila and Deshera and Salasar Baba Yatra.
Mandal ka Sodhpurna Itihas - Shri Govindji Agarwal, Churu