Status of Rajasthani
Sahitya Akademi, National Academy of Letters and University Grants Commission recognize it as a distinct
language. It is also taught as such in the Universities of Jodhpur and Udaipur.The Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan included Rajasthani in the course of
studies and it has been an optional subject since 1973. Since 1947, several movements have been going on in Rajasthan for its recognition, but it is still
considered a ‘dialect’ of Hindi. Recently, the Rajasthan Government has recognized it as a state language, but still, there is a long way for Rajasthani language to go.
On August 8, 2010 Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram said in Parliament that
presently demands for inclusion of 38 more languages including Rajasthani and Bhojpuri in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution were pending.
The report of the committee under the Chairmanship of Shri Sitakant Mohapatra to evolve a set of objective criteria for inclusion of more
languages in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India is under
consideration in consultation with the concerned departments of the Central Government.
He added a decision on the pending demands for inclusion of languages in
the Eighth Schedule including Rajasthani and Bhojpuriwill be taken, inter-alia, in the light of the recommendations of the Committee and
Government's decision thereon. No time frame can be fixed for consideration of the demands for inclusion of more languages in Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India".
UPA government will consider including Bhojpuri and Rajasthani languages
in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution, but no time frame can be fixed for this, Minister of State for Home Ajay Maken said in the Lok
Sabha on August 30, 2010. A calling attention motion on the subject saw uproarious scenes in the Lok Sabha, with Samajwadi Party and the Rashtriya Janata Dal members
rushing into the well of the house.
Raghuvansh Prasad (RJD) said Bhojpuri was spoken in 14 districts in UP,
nine in Bihar and two in Madhya Pradesh, while Rajasthani had a distinct literature of its own.
At present, 22 languages have been included in the Eighth Schedule to
the Constitution of India. Of these, 14 languages were initially included in the Constitution. Sindhi language was included in 1967.Thereafter, three more languages viz., Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were
included in the year 1992. Bodo, Dogri, Maithili and Santhali languages were added in the year 2004.
"The basis for inclusion of these languages in the Eighth Schedule were
the circumstances and demands of the people, existing at that point of time," Mr. Chidambaram said.
Rajasthani Language Recognition Movement
The Rajasthani Language Recognition Movement Committee (RLRMC) in first week of June 2011 staged a sit-in near the Rajiv Gandhi statue, Nai Sarak
crossing, demanding the inclusion of Rajasthani in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution and holding of Teachers Eligibility Test
(TET) in that language. The media in-charge of the Rajasthan Association of North America (RANA), Prem Bhandari also took part in the dharna.
Rajasthan Association of North America (RANA) has launched a campaign to get Rajasthani and Bhojpuri languages enlisted in the Eighth
Schedule of the Constitution. To this end, Prem Bhandari, an NRI and member of RANA, has been in contact with parliamentarians, ministers,
former ministers and public representatives. RANA has again raised the issue of Rajasthani language being
made a part of the Eighth Schedule, and has now decided to take the help of public representatives in the campaign.
On September 8, 2011 All India Rajasthani Bhasha Manyata Sangharsh Samiti
(AIRBMSS) has written a letter of thanks to President Pratibha Patil and Minister
of State for Home Affairs for their positive response on the committee’s demand for Constitutional recognition of 'Rajasthani' language.
A delegation of 15 representatives led by Rajya Sabha MP Abhishek Manu
Singhvi and Prem Bhandari met the President at Rashtrapati Bhawan on Saturday. Singhvi is also the national president of AIRBMSS while
Bhandari is global coordinator of AIRBMSS and media chairman of Rajasthan Association of North America.
Rajasthan Association of North America has also supported Rajasthani
Bhasha Manyata Sangharsh Samiti’s demand. Home Minister for state Jitendra Singh has also supported the demand and held meeting yesterday with the representatives of Rajasthan House in this regard, said sources.
Meanwhile, Devi Singh Shekhawat, husband of President Pratibha Singh
Patil, has also shown his solidarity with the demand saying he was "also a part of the delegation." All India NRI Rajasthani Assembly president MLA Raj K Purohit, Vice
Chancellor of JNVU Prof Bhanwarsingh Rajpurohit, VC of Bhagwan Bhagwati Varsity Prof Naresh Dadhichi were present during the meeting including other eminent personalities from the state