Rajasthan forts World Heritage Sites
Rajasthan's six majestic forts received international recognition with
Unesco including them in the World Heritage Sites on June 21, 2013,
The six forts Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer, Ranthambhore
(Sawai Madhopur), Gagron (Jhalawar) and Amber (Jaipur) were recognised as
serial World Heritage Sites in the 37th session of the World Heritage
Committee (WHC) in Phnom Penh, Cambodia .
These forts bears testimony to the power of the Rajput princely
States that flourished in the region from the 8th to the 18th centuries.
Enclosed within defensive walls are major urban centres, palaces, trading centres and other buildings including temples that often
predate the fortifications within which developed an elaborate courtly culture
that supported learning, music and the arts,” the WHC said in its official declaration.
"This set of medieval and post medieval hill forts narrates centuries of
political, cultural, social and architectural evolution of the ruling
Rajput caste in the history of India," it said. They stand as testimony to the formation of princely states, development
of Rajput ideologies and Rajput architectural style over successive periods, myriad
political conflicts, battles and alliances between the ruling Rajput clan vis a vis the Sultanate period rulers and Mughal
Emperors of Central India, it said.
For seven long centuries
before Jaipur was built, Amer served as the capital as Kachhwaha
rulers of the old state of Dhundhar. Amer Fort is the complex of
palaces, halls, pavilions, gardens and temples, which were built by
Raja Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh over a period of about two centuries.
Kumbhalgarh Fort (Udaipur)
Fort is a magnificent fort built by Rana Kumbha in Udaipur, the
birth place of Maharana Prtap. This is one of the largest fort in
India and second largest in Rajasthan after Chittor fort. Kumbalgarh
fort is just 64 kms drive from Udaipur built in 15th century in
Rajasmand district. The fort is extended to the length of 36
kilometers and have the second longest wall in the world, after the
great wall of China. There are 360 temple inside the comlex and afamous palace known as Baldal Mahal.
. Gagron Fort (Jhalwar)
magnificent fort is 12 kms. away from Jhalawar, Rajasthan was built
in 7th century - 14th
century. Gagron fort is perched on a low ridge at the confluence of
the rivers Ahu and Kali Sindh whose water surround it on three
sides. Gagron is among the rare forts which are both
Vana and a Jala durg. It is surrounded by forests and has behind it the Mukundarrah range of hills.
Other famous forts
JAIGARH FORT (Jaipur)
Fort: Jaigarh means a `Victory Fort' that was constructed between the 15th and the
18th century and lies 15 km from Jaipur amidst rocky terrain, visible from the Jaipur
city. The main gate of the fort is Dungar Darwaza, from where the most magnificent view of the Jaipur City
is visible. Used as a military setup of medieval India is housing some of the marvelous palaces, a granary,
cannon factory, several temples, a beautiful tower and a grand cannon-the Jai Ban, which is the biggest cannon in the world.
Jaigarh Fort also displays a collection of canons, many of which are remarkably used in the battle with Mughals
led by the Rajput King, Raja Man Singh. There is a big water reservoir in the center of this fort. A beautiful palace with a lovely garden
exists in the fort.
Nahargarh Fort (Jaipur)
Nahargarh Fort lies at a distance of 15 km. from the center of Jaipur is the most
magnificent castle crowning on the Nahargarh Hills at a height of 600ft above
the sea level. This fort overlooks the city of Jaipur from the top
of the Nahargarh hill. It has nine beautiful palaces within its compound.
It was initially built by Sawai Jai Singh in 1736 AD and later on enlarged by Sawai Madho Singh in 1880 AD. The colossal walls of the fort surrounds the magnificent structures
like Hawa Mandir and Madhvendra Bhawan. It also offers some captivating views of
the Man Sagar Lake and the city below.
Jodhpur (Mehrangarh Fort)
Mehrangarh fort is one of the largest forts in
india and one of the most poignant and impregnable structures on the hilly terrain of Aravali Ranges at a height of 125m. The charm
and the eminence of many royal palaces in the fort speak epic of red sandstone.
The fort was constructed by Rao Jodha in 1459 AD. The fort can be accessed by 4 gateways through the turning road of the hills.
The fort housed some of the marvelous palaces with remarkably engraved array and
pergola windows or balconies. Some of the magnificent specimens are the Moti Mahal, the Phool Mahal, the Sheesh Mahal, the Sileh Khana and the Daulat
Khana. The palaces have some unique collections of paraphernalia of Indian royalty.
The Mehrangarh Fort has seven gates of which the noted ones are the Jayapol - built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806;
Fatehpol or the Victory Gate - built by Maharaja Ajit Singh; and the Lohapol or the Iron Gate.
The most striking feature of the fort is 'Lohapol' the iron gate with a moving
souvenir on palm print of the royal ladies and the maharanis of Maharaja Man
Singh who set ablaze themselves on his funeral in an act of sati (self-immolation). The palm marks are covered by cerise paste and paper-thin
silver foil still magnetizes visitors from all over the world. The Mehrangarh Fort is visited by thousand s of tourists every year who come to have a glimpse of the artillery system of the Rajput warriors.
Other big forts in Rajasthan