Akshay Tritiya (Parashuram Jayanti)
Akshay Tritiya or Parashuram Jayanti is observed traditionally as the birth
anniversary of Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu विष्णु). This year Lord Parashuram Jayanti being observed on Thursday, May 1, 2014
Akshaya Tritiya is one of the most auspicious days according to the Hindu calendar.
This year Akshya Tritiya being observed on May 2, 2014. The day on which Moon, Sun and Jupiter unitedly come under Mrigshira Nakshatra is called Akshay
Tritiya. According to the “Puranas”, the holy Hindu scriptures this day of Akshay Tritiya Vedavyas along with
Lord Ganesha (श्री गणेश) started writing the great epic Mahabharata.
Mother Ganges or River Ganga also descended to earth
this day. People conduct special Pujas on this day, bathe in holy rivers, make a charity, offer barley in a sacred fire, and worship
Lord Ganesha and Goddess Laxmi (महा लक्ष्मी) on this day.
Bhagwan Parashuram (परशुराम) , the Eternal Avatar, appears again and again when the planet is in great danger. Parashurama
Bhargava or Parasurama (Axe- wielding Rama), according to Hindu mythology is the Sixth avatara of Lord Vishnu विष्णु), belongs to the Treta
yuga, and is the son of Jamadagni. Parashu means axe, hence his name literally means Rama-with-the-axe
According to Hindu mythology Bhagwan Parashuram is the Sixth avatara of Lord Vishnu विष्णु)
The purpose of the sixth incarnation or Sixth Avatara of
Lord Vishnu is considered by religious scholars to be to relieve
the earth's burden by exterminating the sinful, destructive and irreligious monarchs that pillaged its resources, and neglected their duties as kings.
He received an axe after undertaking a terrible penance to please
Lord Shiva (शिव), from whom he learned the methods of warfare and other skills. He
is a Chiranjeevin, who fought the aggressing ocean to recede thus saving land of Konkan and Malabar Bhagwan Parashuram is also known as Lord of
Yajnya, Lord who grants prosperity, and Lord of knowledge. According to ancient Himalayan tradition of knowledge, Parshuram was the first to introduce
inter- planetary weapons on this planet in ancient days, when the planet needed protection from catastrophes caused by the greed and pride of the ruling powers.
Parashurama has been mentioned in several scriptures - Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and Bhagavata and Kalki Puranas. He is famous for killing the Haihaya-
Kshatriyas on the earth 21 times for their Ahankara (pride/arrogance). He wanted to spread & preserve the Vedic culture on Earth.
He was born a Brahmin but is Kshatriya by Karma, or deeds. He is also known as Bhargava.
Parashurama is famous for killing the Haihaya-Kshatriyas on the earth 21 times for their Ahankara
(pride). He wanted to spread & preserve the Vedic culture on Earth. Parashurama is said to be a Brahmakshatriya (warrior Brahman), the
first warrior saint. Parashurama is worshiped as a Founder (Mool Purush) of Chitpavan and Daivadnya Brahmin Communities.
अग्रत: चतुरो वेदा: पृष्ठत: सशरं धनु: ।
इदं ब्राह्मं इदं क्षात्रं शापादपि शरादपि ।।
Parshuram who is well-versed with the four Vedas and sports the bow and arrow upon His back will destroy evildoers either with a curse or with an arrow.
The Parasurama temple is situated near the confluence of the Giri and Jalal rivers, at a distance of 40 km from Nahan, the district headquarters of Sirmour.
Parshurama's well known students were : 1. Bhishma - The son of Goddess
Ganga. 2 Drona, the teacher of the Pandus and Kurus. and (3.) Karna. the great warrior of Mahabharat Parashurama was the guru of both Bheeshma
(Devavrata) and Dronacharya. Also, the Sudarshan chakra (or Sudarshan Vidya) is said to be given by Parashurama to Lord Krishna.
Birth of Lord Parashurama
Parashurama was the Great Grandson of Bhrugu Rishi, after whom the "Bhruguvansh" has been named. Bhrugu's Son, Rucheek, married King Gadhi's daughter, Satyavati. The son of Satyavati Jamadagni and Grandson
was Parashurama. Jamadagni married Renuka, daughter of King Prasenjit. They had five sons, Parashurama was the youngest.
Once King Kartavirya Arjuna (Sahasrarjuna) and his army visited Jamadagni, a brahmin
sage, who fed his guest and the whole army with his divine cow Surabhi; the king demanded the magical cow and Jamadagni refused because he needed the cow for his
religious ceremonies. King Kartavirya Arjuna (Sahasrarjuna) sent his soldiers to take the cow and Parashurama killed the entire army and the king with his axe. In return, the princes beheaded Jamadagni the father of Parshuram.
When Parashurama returned home he found his mother crying hysterically. He asked why she was crying, she beat her chest 21 times. In a rage, Parashurama vowed to exterminate the world's Kshatriyas 21 times. He killed the entire clan
of Kartavirya Arjuna (Sahasrarjuna), thus conquering the entire earth. He offered his dead father's soul tarpana with the blood of the kings and warriors
he slew. He then conducted the Ashwamedha sacrifice, done only by sovereign kings, and gave the entire land he owned to the priests who performed at the
There are several legends regarding Baghwan Parashuram with Lord Shiva (शिव)
and Lord Ram (श्री राम).
There are several Parashurama temples throughout the western coast of India as well as North India. There are famous temples of Parashurama at Agni Mandir in Shivpuri - Akkalkot, Khopoli in Maharashtra and
Fort Songadh in Gujarat. A temple of Parashurama is also situated at Akhnoor, 18 km away from Jammu city,
Parsuram temple in
Himachal Pradesh: The Parsuram temple is situated near the confluence of the Giri and Jalal rivers, at a distance of 40 km from Nahan, the district headquarters of Sirmour, Renuka is a
rare beauteous spot of Himachal Pradesh. The main attractions there are the sacred Renuka Lake, Parsuram Tal and the temples dedicated to Lord Parsuram and his mother Goddess Renuka. A big fair is held here every year on Kartik Ekadashi.
Parsuram temple in Rajasthan: Jodhpur Pali district,
Rajasthan [राजस्थान], people are converging in large numbers on the Bhagwan Parshuram Mahadev
mela. The mela is organised every year at the suburb of Pali district. It is said that Bhagwan Parashuram used to worship at this place located in the serene surroundings in the foothills of a local mountain range, at a
height of 4000 feet above sea-level. According to Hindu mythology, this is the only place in the country where Lord Parashuram offered his prayers. During August-September,
around five lakh devotees throng the mela. People continue to visit the area round the year. According to an estimate, around eight-nine lakh people visit the holy place every year.
The most famous Parasurama temple is in the suburbs of Trivandrum at Thiruvallam where all the trimoorthis are also worshipped. It is beleved to be the place where
Parasurama's axe fell in the Arabian sea to claim Kerala .There is temple dedicated to Lord Parashurama in Khatti, near Phagwara in Punjab. There is a temple of Parashurama in the village of Painguinim in
Canacona, Goa. Recently in 2010 a big statue of Bhagwan Parashurama is developed in Phalodi (Jodhpur,Rajasthan) near Shivsar Talao.
Parashuram Kund (Arunachal Pradesh)
Parashuram kund is located 13 miles north-east of Tezu, District headquaters of Lohit district in Arunachal Pradesh
Thousand of pilgrims visit this place from all parts of India every year during Parashuram mela held in the month of January.
Parasuram Kunda is associated with Parasuram's matricide. To get rid of the crime of matricide, It is said in puranas that Parasuram came to the
Brahma Kund, in Lohit District of Arunachal Pradesh for holy dip in the kunda to wash off his sin. Religious people, saints come to this kund on Makarsakranti on the 14th January every year.
Parashurama in the Ramayana
Lord Rama in the Swaibar of the princess Sita daughter of King Janaka broke the bow of Shiva given to the King Janaka by Parashurama.. By
breaking the bow it produced a tremendous noise that reached the ears of Parashurama. Parashurama arrived after hearing the sound of the bow of Shiva breaking. But Sita approached the sage. and able to secure the
blessing "Saubhagyawati bhavah" .from Parashurama.
After recognising Rama for what he truly was, the avatar of Vishnu, as his bow went flying in the hands of Lord Rama, Parashurama left the place.
Parashurama in the Mahabharata
It is mentioned in the Mahabharata that Parashurama was the teacher of the warrior Karna. When Karna came to Parashurama after being rejected from the school of Parashurama
agreed to teach Karna, believing him to not be of Kshatriya birth and gave him the knowledge of the extremely powerful Brahmastra weapon.
Parashurama decided to slay Bhishma and fought with him for twenty three days, when Bhishma refused to marry Amba
At the end when Bhishma was about to use the most deadly weapon namely "Pashwapastra". against Parashurama, all Gods rushed to Bhishma and requested him not to use this weapon against Parshurama
Bhishma refrained it from using it. In the end, all Gods and Parshuram himself showered praise on Bhishma and acknowledged that Bhishma is truly invincible.
Jain Version on Parshurama
According to Jain version of Parashurama, he was killed by Chakravati Subhoum. Subhoum was the son of Sahasrarjun and 8th Chakravarti
of the total 12 Chakravartis. The Jain version is available in Trishasti Shalaka Purush, the famous Jain book on 63 great people of ancient times.
Kalki Purana on Parshurama
The Kalki Purana states Parashurama will be the martial guru of Sri Kalki, the 10th and final avatar of Lord Vishnu. It is he who instructs Kalki to perform a
long penance to Shiva to receive celestial weaponry.
Eight kshetras are popularly known as Parashurama kshetras and Parashurama Srishti. The Seven Mukti Sthalas are
1. Udupi 2. Subramanya 3. Kollur 4. Shankaranarayana 5. Koteshwara
6. Kumbasi 7. Gokarna 8. Parashuram Kund (Arunachal Pradesh).
Later life of Parshuram
Parashurama became an ascetic and practiced penances, mainly on the Mahendra Mountains. in his later life and gave up violence. The territories he received from the Kshatriyas
were distributed among the Brahmrishi Brahmins. They ruled these lands for many centuries. Parashurama also retrieved from the sea a virgin-land which was a stretch of coastal-area to the west of Western Ghats of India a part of the land of Kerala from the sea.