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World Diabetes Day 2015

   World Diabetes Day 2015

World Diabetes Day (WDD) is celebrated on 14th November every year. The theme for 2014 is Healthy Living and Diabetes specifically focusing on how blood sugar levels can be controlled by eating a good breakfast.

t was set up in response to the rise of diabetes around the world, on the day marking the birthday of Frederick Banting, who along with Charles Best, first conceived the idea which led to the discovery of insulin in 1922.

Introduced in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation  and the World Health Organisation, the day is now an official United Nations day.


Focus on Diabetes education and prevention

The objectives of  World Diabetes day 2011  is to focus on *diabetes education and prevention , and stress on the power of knowledge  as the only way to improve management of the disease. 
  Diabetes Education

Awareness and knowledge about diabetes is sacrosanct to proper management of the disorder. To make effective changes and take informed decisions, awareness about the condition is a must. Lack of education can elevate  the risk of diabetes related complications leading to reduced health outcomes.

There are two forms of diabetes – type 1 and 2. Type 1 patients suffer from a lack of secretion of insulin and are diagnosed early. Type 2 patients develop it after one to eight years of being pre-diabetic.

Diabetes Warning signs
  Some of the signs that could indicate that you are pre-diabetic include:  A craving for sweets,  Inability to control hunger,  Cravings for high-calorie food,  Frequent thirst,  Frequent urination,  Black pigmentation at the neck, armpits, breast folds (beneath the breasts) and around the thighs.
  Diabetes Prevention 
  According to Word Health Organisation  more than 285 million people worldwide are victims of diabetes. In the absence of education and prevention programmes, this figure may touch 435 million by 2030, Though Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, Type 2 diabetes can be offset by making lifestyle changes- maintaining weight, eating healthy and regular exercise.,  Type 2 diabetes is closely linked to obesity, which is why dealing with obesity is important to control pre-diabetes. 
  Risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes

Risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes  are:  Family history of diabetes, Sedentary lifestyle,  Obesity, Glucose intolerance, Lack of exercise,  High cholesterol,  Hypertension,  Consumption of fatty foods,  Ethnicity  
  The benefit of regular exercise and weight management in preventing Type 2 diabetes. Those at high risk of Type 2 diabetes must alter their lifestyle to include at least 30 minutes of daily exercise, which could be swimming, cycling, dancing, or brisk walking. Research has underlined the benefit of regular walking for at least 30 minutes which can lower the risk of Type 2 diabetes by 35-40%.

  Control blood sugar levels.

There are several types of medication that can help control blood sugar levels. AG inhibitors slow down digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the gut; sulphonylureas stimulate the production of insulin; and thiazolidinedianes reduce resistance to insulin. Biguandies, of which the widely known metformin is the only drug in this class, reduces glucose production during a fasting state.

The newest diabetes medication, known as DPP-4 inhibitors, work in two ways: they help the body make more insulin; and slow down the liver's production of glucose. The latest DPP-4 inhibitor launched recently in Malaysia, known as saxagliptin, can help to control blood sugar levels before and after meals. It is a once-a-day tablet that is convenient and easy to remember, thereby improving compliance.

  Diabetis injection

  The WHO estimates that over 346 million people across the globe have diabetes.


  Some facts about diabetes

  *The World Health Organization estimates that over 346 million people across the globe have diabetes.
  * India is the diabetes capital of the world with 40 million people living with diabetes.
  * Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in US affecting 26 million people.
  * Diabetes is projected to become the 7th major cause of death in the world by 2030.
  * Over 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  * Around 3.2 million people in the world die every year due to diabetes or its related causes.
  * WHO projects that diabetes death will double between 2005 and 2030.
  * Global plague of diabetes is due to brisk increase in overweight, obesity and physical inactivity.
  * Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in the world.
  * Diabetes is also an important cause of heart disease, stroke, blindness and amputation in the world.

  The diabetic people in India

According to the Diabetes Foundation of India, about 50.9 million people in India suffer from diabetes, and this figure was likely to go up to 80 million by 2025, making it the ‘Diabetes Capital’ of the world. Manoj Chadha, consultant endocrinologist at Hinduja Hospital in Mumbai, told IANS that type 1 diabetes in children was in large majority, with certain pockets in the south and the northeast reporting equal incidence of both types in children. (Read: World Diabetes Day 2014: 5 reasons diabetes has become an epidemic in India

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