Focus on Diabetes education and prevention
The objectives of World Diabetes day 2011 is to focus on *diabetes education and prevention , and stress on the power of
knowledge as the only way to improve management of the disease.
Awareness and knowledge about diabetes is sacrosanct to proper management of the disorder. To make effective changes and take informed decisions, awareness about the
condition is a must. Lack of education can elevate the risk of diabetes related complications leading to reduced health outcomes.
There are two forms of diabetes – type 1 and 2. Type 1 patients suffer
from a lack of secretion of insulin and are diagnosed early. Type 2 patients develop it after one to eight years of being pre-diabetic.
Diabetes Warning signs
Some of the signs that could indicate that you are pre-diabetic
include: A craving for sweets, Inability to control hunger, Cravings for high-calorie food, Frequent thirst, Frequent urination,
Black pigmentation at the neck, armpits, breast folds (beneath the breasts) and around the thighs.
According to Word Health Organisation more than 285 million people worldwide
are victims of diabetes. In the absence of education and prevention programmes, this figure may touch 435 million by 2030, Though Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, Type 2 diabetes can be
offset by making lifestyle changes- maintaining weight, eating healthy and regular exercise., Type 2 diabetes is closely linked to obesity, which is why dealing with
obesity is important to control pre-diabetes.
Risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes
Risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes are: Family history of diabetes, Sedentary lifestyle, Obesity, Glucose intolerance, Lack of exercise,
High cholesterol, Hypertension, Consumption of fatty foods, Ethnicity
The benefit of regular exercise and weight management in preventing Type 2 diabetes. Those at high risk of
Type 2 diabetes must alter their lifestyle to include at least 30 minutes of daily exercise, which could be swimming, cycling, dancing, or
brisk walking. Research has underlined the benefit of regular walking for at least 30 minutes which can lower the risk of Type 2 diabetes by 35-40%.
Control blood sugar levels.
There are several types of medication that can help control blood sugar levels. AG inhibitors slow down digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the gut; sulphonylureas stimulate the production of
insulin; and thiazolidinedianes reduce resistance to insulin. Biguandies, of which the widely known metformin is the only drug in this
class, reduces glucose production during a fasting state.
The newest diabetes medication, known as DPP-4 inhibitors, work in two ways: they help the body make more insulin; and slow down the
liver's production of glucose. The latest DPP-4 inhibitor launched recently in Malaysia, known as saxagliptin, can help to control blood sugar levels before and after
meals. It is a once-a-day tablet that is convenient and easy to remember, thereby improving compliance.
The WHO estimates that over 346 million people across the globe have diabetes.