Anti Obesity Day 2011 in India
Anti Obesity Day 2011 in India was observed on November 26, 2011.
Presently, one in 6 women and one in 5 men are overweight in India. As obesity figures are
bulging dangerously at a staggering 70 million in India. In India, malnutrition and obesity are two coexisting
extremes which contribute to leading causes of death.
India is now in the grip of an obesity epidemic and the trend needs to be immediately
arrested by taxing junk food, restricting food ads and making food labelling clearer, according to a study.
The study that looked at the burden of overweight citizens in six countries -- Brazil, China, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa has found that between 1998 and 2005,
India's overweight rates increased by 20%.
When excess body fat
of a man or woman has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy or increased health problems then it is said to be obesity.
Generally we measure the obesity by Body mass index (BMI), a measurement which compares weight and height. The BMI shows people as overweight
(pre-obese) if their BMI is between 25 kg/m2 and 30 kg/m2 , and obese when it is greater than 30 kg/m2 .
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definitions obesity into three categories as
Any BMI ≥ 35 or 40 is severe obesity
A BMI of ≥ 35 or 40–44.9 or 49.9 is morbid
A BMI of ≥ 45 or 50 is super obesity
Causes of Obesity
Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of
physical activity, and genetic susceptibility , although a few cases are caused primarily
by genes , endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness.
A 2006 study identified ten other possible contributors to the recent increase of obesity:
(1) insufficient sleep, (2) endocrine disruptors (environmental pollutants
that interfere with lipid metabolism), (3) decreased variability in ambient temperature, (4) decreased rates of smoking
(5) increased use of medications that can cause weight gain, (6) proportional
increases in ethnic and age groups, (7) pregnancy at a later age, (8) epigenetic risk factors passed on
generationally, (9) natural selection for higher BMI, and (10) assortative mating
leading to increased concentration of obesity risk factors.
Leading a sedentary lifestyle is also the main cause of
obesity. Devoting more time on televisions, computers, video games, remote
controls, washing machines, dish washers and other modern convenience devices, the majority of people are leading a much more sedentary lifestyle.
More dependence on the car has become so strong that many people will drive even if their destination is only half-a-mile away.
Obesity increases various diseases
Obesity increases various diseases particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes
, obstructive sleep apnea , certain types of cancer , and osteoarthritis .
As a result, obesity has been found to reduce life expectancy. Obesity increases the risk of many physical and mental conditions.
Excess body fat underlies 64% of cases of diabetes in men and 77% of
cases in women. Increases in body fat alter the body's response to insulin, potentially leading to
insulin resistance . Obesity is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide.
According to WHO, NCDs -- principally cardiovascular diseases, diabetes,
cancers and chronic respiratory diseases -- caused an estimated 35 million deaths in 2005. This figure represents 60% of all deaths
globally, with 80% of deaths due to non-communicable diseases occurring
in low- and middle-income countries, and approximately 16 million deaths involving people under 70 years of age.
The total deaths from NCDs are projected to increase by a further 17%
over the next 10 years. The greatest increase will be seen in the African region (27%) and the Eastern Mediterranean region (25%).
Obesity in Children
In India obesity affects more than 30% of children, and is one of the most
chronic diseases of childhood. Nearly 17 % of the youngsters in the age group of 14-18 in India are overweight
or obese. Most often, obese children grow up to be obese adults, enhancing their *risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke* in the future.
Parents must watch what they eat as children emulate their habits. Parents must encourage children to
play outdoors, motivating them with incentives and ensuring they eat right can go a long way in ensuring healthy children.
Foods that cut fat
Food grains: Several
grains such as barley, oats, bajra and jowar are good for weight loss. These food have a low glycemic index. To get maximum benefit
they should eaten as a vegetable dalia.
Bean sprout: The bean sprouts of Moong, Moth, Chnna etc
are rich in Vitamin A, B, C and E and many minerals, such as calcium, iron and potassium.
They have a very low fat content and a rich source of protein and fibre, which helps lower
blood cholesterol level.
Vegetables and fruits: Eat maximum seasons green
vegetables with your meal or in the form of soups and vegetable juices. Fruits such as anar, guava, apples, papaya etc.
provides vitamins and helps in weight loss.
Turmeric : Curcumin is an active component of
turmeric help to turn off certain genes that cause scarring and enlargement of the heart. Regular
intake may help reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol
and high blood pressure, increase blood circulation and prevent blood clotting, helping to prevent heart attack.
Cardamom : Cardamom herb increases metabolism and helps burn body fat. Cardamom is considered one of the best digestive
aids and is believed to soothe the digestive system and help the body process other foods more efficiently.
Chillies: Chillies contain capsaicin that helps in increasing the metabolism.
Foods containing chillies causes the body to burn calories after you eat the chillies.
Curry leaves : Incorporating curry leaves into your daily diet can help you lose weight. These leaves flush out fat and toxins, reducing fat
deposits that are stored in the body, as well as reducing bad cholesterol levels.
Garlic : Garlic contains the sulphur compound allicin which has anti-bacterial effects and helps reduce
cholesterol and unhealthy fats.
Cabbage : Raw or cooked cabbage inhibits the conversion of sugar and
other carbohydrates into fat. Hence, it is of great value in weight reduction.
Honey : Honey is the best remedy for obesity. It mobilises the extra fat
deposits in the body allowing it to be utilised as energy for normal functions.
Cinnamon and cloves: Cinnamon and cloves spices have been found to improve the function of insulin and to lower glucose,
total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides in people with type 2 diabetes.
Regular exercise: Regular
exercise, jogging, walking, running, playing in fresh air is essential to remain fit and weight loss. Winter is the best time for walking and exercise.
Message and morning sunlight: Body message with til oil or olive oil are good for mucles, tissues, skin and weight
loss. Winter season is good to get vitamin D in morning sunlight.
Stop eating junk food. Stop eating foods with extra
sugar, and butter, packaged food and fried foods. Junk fodd will add more fat in your body.
Drink hot water: Hot water in winter detoxify the system and lose some weight.