World Cancer Day 2013
On the 4th of February each year is dedicated as World Cancer Day.
is a leading cause of death globally. To mark World Cancer Day on
February 4, 2013, which is observed on 4 February every year, WHO reminded the world that
cancer is responsible for close to 13 per cent of deaths globally, accounting for 7.6 million deaths in 2008.
This year's theme focuses on item five of the World Cancer Declaration,
adopted by the United Nations in 2011, which aspires to "dispel damaging myths and misconceptions" about the disease.
In this year's endeavours the four key myths are being highlighted to check spreading of cancer.
The first two myths are; cancer is just a health issue, and that the
disease only affects the wealthy, the elderly, and developed countries.
Informing on this year endeavours, Dr Shabab Angurana, consultant, Cancer and Palliative care specialist, says almost half the global total
of cancer cases and 55% of cancer-related deaths occur in developing
countries. Further, the burden of disease in India is in transition from being
predominantly infection-related to being largely non-communicable in
nature. As a result, cancer cases are projected to increase by 78% in
India by 2030. In the fight against cancer it is vital to develop and implement
programmes that will help to eliminate any stigma associated with cancer.
"On World Cancer Day, we echo the World Health Organization's belief
that we can reduce deaths from noncommunicable diseases, such as cancer, by 25% by 2025, but this is only possible if we work together to realize
achievable and impact interventions," said Cary Adams, UICC chief executive officer, in a statement. "Cancer knows no
boundaries, so we all must take responsibility for beating this devastating disease. Together it is possible."
World cancer day 2012
In the year 2912 the main theme was "Cancer can be prevented." The 2012 World
Cancer Day initiative was not only to collect monetary pledges,
but also pledges of individual lifestyle changes, and will encourage
to commit to making healthy choices. Vaccination is available against cervical cancer, which is caused by the
human papilloma virus (HPV) and liver cancer, which results from infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV)..
WHO is actively responding to these rising levels of cancer. The low and
middle- income countries bearing the brunt as compared to the industrialized ones. If that’s not all, the burden of cancer is
estimated to double by 2020 and nearly triple by 2030. According to the forecasted figures for 2030, there are likely to be 20-26 million fresh cancer
diagnoses and 13-17 million cancer related deaths. China, Russia, and India need
to watch out and tackle the growing burden of cancer, attributed mainly to
increase in use of tobacco, fatty diets, adoption of western habits, and demographic changes.
Cancer can be prevented
The theme for World Cancer Day 2010 is "Cancer Can Be Prevented Too"
It is possible to reduce the risks of cancer and move closer to prevention of
the disease. Cancer can be prevented with the following steps:-
• Banish Tobacco - Smoking or consuming tobacco in any form
• Adopt a healthy diet and regular exercise
• Reduce or completely avoid intake of alcohol
• Seek adequate protection against cancer-causing infections
The use of tobacco is linked
The use of tobacco is linked with a number of different cancers including lung
cancer. Tobacco also increases the risk of other types of cancers such as cancer
of the pancreas, mouth, throat, cervix, and bladder. Tobacco also triggers other
chronic respiratory diseases as well as cardiac disease. Smoking accounts for 90% of lung cancer cases.
Almost 4000 potentially toxic chemicals found in tobacco are inhaled into the
system due to smoking. The chemicals found in tobacco lower the body’s immunity
to fight infections. Tobacco gradually begins to harm the vital organs in the body, especially the heart and the lungs.
World cancer day is always observed on 4th February.
The risk factors for cancer are tobacco and alcohol
India has one of the highest incidence of oral cancer in the world.