Due to large scale illegal mining in India and in
The Aravalli hills Range in Rajasthan and Haryana the forest cover has been depleted 90 percent and drying up
wells and affecting agriculture. The governments remain silent in these years. Due to media and public protest the Supreme Court on
February 20, 2010 directed cancellation of 157 mining leases operating in Rajasthan’s eco-sensitive Aravalli Hills.
The Saxena committee report accused the Vedanta smelters in
Orissa, including the Posco Integrated Steel project in Orissa, which, at Rs 56,000 crore is the single-largest
foreign direct investment in India, the Jindal thermal power plant in Chhattisgarh
(Rs 10,000 crore), hydroelectric projects on Bhagirathi in Uttarakhand and the Navi Mumbai airport in Maharashtra (Rs 7,972 crore).
Pollution due to biomedical waste is likely to spread disease dangerous to life and making atmosphere
noxious to health. In early April, 2010 a machine from Delhi University containing cobalt-60, a
radioactive metal used for radiotherapy in hospitals, ended up in a scrap yard in the city. The death from radiation poisoning of a scrap yard worker in
Delhi has highlighted the lax enforcement of waste disposal laws in
India. The International Atomic Energy Agency said it was the worst radiation incident worldwide in four years.
India being used as a dumping ground for hazardous waste, from foreign countries. Twenty containers with goods were detained by the
officials of Special Intelligence and Investigation Branch attached to the Customs Department here recently. Packs of broken toys,
used diapers, empty perfume bottles, used battery cells, thermocol, used aluminum foil packing materials and coloured surgical gloves were found in the containers.
It could also lead to contamination and spread of communicable diseases.
A UN environmental conference in Cartagena, Colombia, attended by more
than 170 countries in October 2011, has agreed to accelerate a global ban on the export of hazardous waste, including old electronics and discarded computers
and mobile phones, from developed to developing countries. Environmental campaigners, who have been battling to broker a deal on
the dumping of toxic waste for more than 20 years, said they were "ecstatic" about this "major breakthrough".
"All forms of hazardous waste including that sent for recycling, to obsolete electronic waste, will be banned from leaving wealthy countries destined for developing countries."
The UNEP report "Recycling – from E-Waste to Resources" was released on the Indonesian island of Bali on February 22, 2010
at the start of a week-long meeting of officials and environmentalists. According to the report's
authors by 2020 e-waste in South Africa and China will have jumped by 200-400 per cent from 2007 levels, and by 500 per cent in India.
India produces about 3,80,000 tonnes of e-Waste per annum, which includes only the waste generated out of television sets,
mobile phones and PCs, a major chunk of which comes from organizations. E-waste produced in India includes over 100,000 tonnes
from refrigerators, 275,000 tonnes from TVs, 56,300 tonnes from personal computers, 4,700 tonnes from printers and 1,700 tonnes from mobile phones.
The un- organized recycling sector which fails to practice eco-friendly e-Waste recycling methods release large amount of toxic chemicals. The toxic gases and the large volume of
Electronic Waste Adds environmental Pollution in India
India imports almost 50,000 tonnes of e-waste yearly.
It generated 330,000 tonnes of e-waste in 2007 and the number is expected to touch 470,000 tonnes by 2011, according to a study on e-waste assessment conducted
jointly by MAIT and the German government’s sustainable development body GTZ. in April 2010
Noise pollution is a type of atmospheric pollution. It constitutes a real and present danger to people's health and can produce serious physical
and psychological stress. Researches have proved that a loud noise during peak marketing hours creates tiredness, irritation and
impairs brain activities so as to reduce thinking and working abilities. It affects sleep, hearing, communication, mental and
physical health. It may even lead to the madness of people. High noise levels can contribute to cardiovascular effects in humans, a
rise in blood pressure, and an increased incidence of coronary artery disease. In animals also noise can increase the risk of
death by altering predator, interfere with reproduction and navigation, and contribute to permanent hearing loss.
A paper by federal scientists and Cornell University researchers published in October 2012 estimates that in the last 50
years, the area where the whales can effectively communicate in Stellwagen Bank and surrounding waters off Massachusetts has fallen
by two-thirds because of the noise. The main source of noise pollution are automobiles, loudspeakers, firecrackers burst during
festivals, industries, low-flying aircrafts, In India there is Noise Pollution Control Rule 2000 under Environment Protection Act 1996.
Light pollution is an unpleasant light that intrudes on an otherwise natural or
low-light setting. Excessive light that leads to discomfort and adverse health effects is also a Light pollution. An adverse health
effects may be caused by light pollution or excessive light exposure. Light pollution affects organisms and ecosystems, poses a
serious threat in particular to nocturnal wildlife, having negative impacts on plant and animal physiology.
More than 200 million people around the world are at risk of exposure to
toxic e-waste, a report has concluded. The authors say the large number of people at risk places toxic waste in
a similar league to public health threats such as malaria and tuberculosis.
The study from the Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross calls for
greater efforts to be made to control the problem.The study carried out in more than 3,000 sites in over 49 countries.
Electronic Waste Adds environmental Pollution in India