Venkatraman Ramakrishnan has published more than 95 research papers, the
earliest being in 1977. In 2000, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan's laboratory
determined the structure of the 30S subunit of the ribosome and its complexes
with several antibiotics. He also published three papers about his ribosome
research in the August 26, 1999, and September 21, 2000, issues of the journal
Nature. This was followed by studies that provided structural insights into
the mechanism that ensures the fidelity of protein biosynthesis. More recently,
his laboratory has determined the atomic structure of the whole ribosome in
complex with its tRNA and mRNA ligands. Ramakrishnan is also known for his past
work on histone and chromatin structure.
Ramakrishnan is known for his work on the determination of the three-dimensional
structure of the small ribosomal subunit and its complexes with substrates and
antibiotics, which has shed light on the mechanism that ensures the fidelity of
protein synthesis, and for his work on the structures of chromatin- related proteins.
He is a Fellow of the Royal Society, and a member of EMBO and the U.S.
National Academy of Sciences.
Ramakrishnan was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Thomas A.
Steitz and Ada Yonath. Ramakrishnan will be awarded the Nobel Prize along
with one-third of the total prize money of 10 million Swedish kronor ($1.4
million), in a ceremony in Stockholm on December 10 Thus, he became the
seventh Indian or person of Indian origin to win the Nobel