World Food day 2009
In 2009, WFP set a goal to feed 108 million people in 74 countries
across the world, but a major budget deduction has prompted a cut down
of rations to hungry people in some countries, and program suspensions
in others. So far, donors have contributed around US$2.9 billion towards WFP's 2009 budget of US$6.7 billion.
WFP has fed about 10 percent of the world's population till date but
last year, for the first time, the organization could not reach that set
target. As an agency that caters to emergency needs, WFP had also met
many unexpected demands in 2009, such as the aid to the recent floods in
World Food Day Origins
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 first recognized the right to food as a human right. It was then incorporated in the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Article 11) adopted in 1966 and ratified
by 156 states, which are today legally bound by its provisions. The expert interpretation and
more refined definition of this right are contained in General Comment 12 of the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights(1999). The Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Progressive
Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security – the Right
to Food Guidelines – were adopted by the FAO Council in 2004 and provide
practical recommendations on concrete steps for the implementation of the right to food.
In November 1979, World Food Day (WFD) was launched by FAO's Member
Countries on its 20th General Conference. The Hungarian Delegation, headed by the former Hungarian Minister of Agriculture and Food, Dr. Pal
Romany had been instrumental at the 20th Session of the FAO Conference
and floated the idea of celebrating the WFD across the world. Since then
this day has been observed every year in more than 150 countries, highlighting awareness of the issues behind poverty and hunger.
Objectives of World Food Day
* Encourage to increase agricultural food production and to stimulate national, bilateral, transnational and non-governmental initiatives to this end.
* Catapult economic and technical coordination among developing nations.
* Enhance the participation of rural people, particularly women and the under privileged strata, in decisions and events impacting their living conditions.
* Augment public awareness of the issue of hunger in the world.
* Advocate the journey of technologies to the developing world.
* Revitalize international and national solidarity in the combatagainst hunger, malnutrition and poverty and attract attention to
accomplishments in food and agricultural development.
World Food Day Themes
World Food Day has disseminated different themes every year, in order to
highlight areas needed to take action and provide a generic focus, since 1981.
The right to food is the inherent human right of every woman, man, girl and boy, wherever they live on this planet. The choice of The Right to Food as the theme for 2007 World Food Day and TeleFood
demonstrates increasing recognition by the international community of the important role of human rights in eradicating hunger and poverty, and hastening and deepening the sustainable development process.
Speaking to mark the occasion of World Food Day on 16 October
2009, the Executive Director of WFP, James Morris, has appealed to the developed
world to give a fairer chance to the world’s 400 million hungry
children, many of whose lives are still blighted by malnutrition in the first few months after being born.
New research has shown yet again that the rapid development of the brain
during the early months and years of life is crucial and influences learning, behaviour and health throughout the life cycle.
Hunger negatively affects the brain development of children, setting back their chances of success later on in life.