Peepal tree Ficus religiosa) is a large, fast growing deciduous tree. It has a
heart shaped leaves. It is a medium size tree and has a large crown with the wonderful wide spreading branches. It shed its leaves in the month of March and April. Leaves are shiny, thin and bear 5 to 7 veins.
Fruits are small and are about ½ inch in diameter similar to that of eye pupil. It is circular in shape, compressed. When they are raw it is of green color and when it is ripe then it turns brown or black in color. The tree fruits in
summers and gets ripened by rainy season. The fruits of the Peepal are hidden with the figs. The figs are ripen in peepal-treethe month of May. The figs which contain the flowers grow in pairs just below the leaves and look like
the berries. Its bark is light gray and peels in patches. Its fruit is purple in colour. It is one of the longest living trees.
Peepal tree is found mainly in India, Bangladesh, Nepal , Pakistan, Sri Lanka, southwest China and Indochina. In India it is mainly grown in State of Haryana, Bihar, Kerala, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh
Peepal tree Ficus religiosa) is grown by specialty tree plant nurseries for use as an ornamental tree , in gardens and parks in tropical and subtropical climates. Peepal tree is easily propagated through the seeds or
through the cuttings. It can grow in any type of soil. In initial stage Peepal tree needs proper nourishment, Peepal tree requires full sunlight and proper watering for growth.
The Peepal (Ficus religiosa) parts as bark, fruits, tender shoots and seeds are
used in traditional medicine for about 50 types of disorders including asthma, diabetes, diarrhea, epilepsy, gastric problems, arthritis, inflammatory disorders, infectious , sexual disorders and vigour and vitality
Asthma : The dry leaves powder of Peepal tree is used in Asthma. Use 5gm of this powder with honey every morning for Asthma and Coughs.
Dysentery The leaves of peepal are used in treating dysentery. Equal parts of tender leaves, coriander leaves and sugar are chewed slowly to relieve the condition.
Cure wounds: Tender leaves of the tree boiled with oil for some time and applied on the wound, they heals fast.
Boils and Acne : The paste of bark of Peepal tree is used for boils and acne.
Gouty arthritis: Peepal bark powder with honey may helpful in arthritis. The tender leaves of peepal are boiled into water and after cooling poured on the joints.
For vigour and vitality: The fruit of root, bark and tender shoots are boiled with milk and after filter taken with sugar and honey are helpful to increase vitality.
Other Diseases : An infusion of the bark is a specific medicine for the diseases of uterus and vagina, in vomiting, ulcers in mouth and in inflammation swellings.
Peepal is one of the oldest flowering plants of the world.
The Indus Valley (3000-1700BC) Civilisation has shown the existence of peepal tree. The peepal is the most familiar evergreen tree in India, revered from ancient times. It is supposed to be the abode of gods and
goddesses. It has been considered sacred throughout the ages in most of the religions.
The tree's roots penetrate deep into the earth and branches reach the sky, denoting the link between earth and heaven. The roots, trunks and
leaves are supposed to be the abode of the gods of creation, sustenance and destruction respectively. It has been referred to as world tree in
some religion. Hindus perform 10 days' rites for deceased souls under this tree. Sadhus meditate under the tree and circumambulation is performed to gain knowledge and fulfilment of desires. Buddha got
enlightened under this tree, therefore the tree is also called wishing tree and wisdom (Bodhi) tree. In Ceylon it is called Bo tree.