The Moringa tree has great use medicinally both as preventative and treatment. .Sonjna (Moringa
oleifera) bark, sap, roots, leaves, seeds, oil, and flowers are used in traditional medicine in several countries. A folk
remedy for stomach complaints, catarrh, cancer, gastric ulcers, skin diseases, lowering blood sugar, increasing bone density, nervous
conditions, diabetes, fatigue, increase lactation, hay fever, impotence, edema, cramps, hemorrhoids, headaches, sore gums; to
strengthen the eyes and the brain, liver, gall, digestive, respiratory and immune system, and as a blood cleanser and blood
builder. A traditional folk remedy was to use the leaves as a poultice on the abdomen to expel intestinal worms. An infusion of leaves is used as an eye wash for treating conjunctivitis.
Soup prepared with drumstick leaves is extremely beneficial for the natural prevention for tuberculosis, bronchitis, and asthma. The decoction of drumstick leaves are taken as soup; for better
taste lime juice, pepper, and salt can be added to it as per the discretion of the patient.
Decoction made with fresh drumstick flowers and cow milk is an excellent herbal tonic for sexual weakness and functional
infertility of both males and females. The powdered form of the bark, as a medicine, improves quality of semen and cures problem
like premature ejaculation in male. The decoction of bark powder and water treated by honey is the herbal medicine should be taken in curing the problem of premature ejaculation.
Drumstick is a natural medicine for digestive disorder.
The combination of fresh leaf extract, one teaspoon honey, and one glass of tender coconut water is an excellent herbal antidote for cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, jaundice, and colitis.
Fresh leaf-extract of drumstick leaves mixed with cucumber or carrot juice is a natural antidote for dysuria and high acid percentage in urine.
Drumstick leaf-extract treated by lime juice is helpful for the treatment for pimples, black head, and age spots. On regular use it adds natural radiance on skin tone.
According to Hartwell (1967-1971), the drumstick flowers, leaves, seeds and roots are used for tumors. Roots are bitter, act
as a tonic to the body and lungs, and are expectorant, diuretic and stimulant in paralytic afflictions, epilepsy and hysteria. The juice prepared from root is applied externally to heal irritation of skin.
Moringa leaf powder is a powerful anti-cancer agent and a preventive against diseases such as the cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure regulation, blood sugar control, improving the immune
and digestive systems and enhancing the mood. It can also be used to treat stomach ulcer, as it is capable of lining the stomach wall. It boosts the energy level of the body as it supplies tremendous amounts of energy to the human body.
Pod: The Moringa fruit is a long thin pod resembling a drumstick.The Moringa pod is known as "drumstick" or saragwa or saragwe in India. In South India, it is used to prepare a variety of sambar and is also
fried. It is also preserved by canning and exported worldwide. It can be made into a variety of curry dishes by mixing with coconut, poppy seeds, and mustard. It can just be boiled until the drumsticks are semi-soft and consumed directly without any extra
processing or cooking. It is used in curries, sambars, korm. Drumstick dal is also a very tasty version of the traditional 'toor dal'.
Leaves: The Moringa oleifera leaves are highly nutritious, being a significant source of beta-carotene, Vitamin C, protein, iron, and potassium. The leaves are cooked and used like spinach. In addition to being used fresh as a substitute for
spinach, its leaves are commonly dried and crushed into a powder, and used in soups and sauces. Amino acids in green leaf vegetables vary considerably, and many that are staples, are low in the sulphur bearing amino acids methionine and cystine
Flowers: The flowers are edible when cooked, and are said to taste like mushrooms.
Moringa ( Sahjan) flowers
Ben Oil: The Moringa seeds yield 38–40% edible oil (called ben oil from the high concentration of behenic acid
contained in the oil). The refined oil is clear, odorless, and resists rancidity at least as well as any other botanical oil. The seed cake remaining after oil extraction may be used as a fertilizer or as a flocculent to purify water.Oil from the seed, called Oil of Ben, is used for earache and in ointments for skin conditions. The oil rubbed on the skin is said to prevent mosquitoes from biting. Flowers infused in honey are used as a cough remedy.
Water treatment: Seeds crushed to a powder are used to clarify turbid, dirty water. The cleansing takes place by a process of electrical charges established between the muddy particles suspended in the water and the pulverized seeds, and gradually,
after about an hour, the muddy particles are pulled to the bottom of the water by the force of gravity. Research shows that the seed not only settles the mud, but can carry with it over 90% of bacteria and viruses
A great fodder for cattle: Moringa tree has been of great use not only to the human beings in terms of their
health in one form or the other but also for their livestock. Moringa makes a great fodder for cattle. The weight of livestock increased upto 32 per cent through moringa feed. And their milk yield of cows increased by 43 percent.
The dried leaves appear to be much more effective. One agriculturist fed his cows with just 2 kg of dry matter of Moringa per day in
addition to the normal food he had been feeding them with and the milk production increased by 58 percent. Then he increased it to 3 kg per day, and the milk production increased by 65 percent.
Bio-gas: You can also produce methane out of the leaves. Experiments have established that it is possible to produce 4400 cubic meters of bio gas per hectare per year.
Industrial uses: The seed oil is used in arts and for lubricating watches and other delicate machinery, and useful in
the manufacture of perfumes and hairdressings. The pressed cake obtained after oil extraction may be used as a fertilizer. The
industrial uses of the drumstick tree include the use of its wood in paper and textile industries, bark in the tanning industry. The oil from the seeds contain a powerful flocculant of use in clarifying turbid water.
Herbal Tea: Moringa tea is made by harvesting fresh leaves from the Moringa tree and
drying them at low temperatures to preserve the vital nutrients that will be released into the tea water. Dried leaves are then shredded and
either retained in their loose form or bagged as bags. The leaves are steeped in hot water for several minutes in a traditional tea-making process.
In this study, which was a follow-up to use moringa tea in folk medicine as an analgesic and for the treatment of pain and inflammation, the researchers assessed the
anti-sickling potential of methanol extract (ME), aqueous extract (AqE), ethyl acetate (EA) and butanol (BU) of the seeds, flowers and leaves of Moringa
oleifera. In addition, they pointed out that the best tea from moringa plant is that made from its flowers and seeds.
Drumstick leaf porial Recipe
The Ingredients for the preparation of Drumstick leaf porial Recipe are:
Oil - 2 tsp, ½ tsp mustard, 2 tsp urad dal, 3 dry chillies, broken, 4 pods garlic, chopped, ½ cup onion, chopped,
2 cups drumstick leaves, 1/3 cup water, 2 tbsp grated coconut, 3 tbsp roasted groundnut, crushed salt for taste
The Method: First heat the oil in a pan and fry the mustard, urad
dal, chillies, garlic and onion, in that order. Add drumstick leaves and sauté for a couple of minutes. Add salt and water. Cook till water evaporates. Add coconut and groundnut and mix.
According to a study a Moringa leaf is more than 25 percent protein, which is as much as in eggs and twice the amount of milk. It has four times the amount of vitamin A of carrots, four times the
amount of calcium in milk, seven times the vitamin C of oranges, three times more potassium than bananas, and significant amounts of iron, phosphorus and other minerals.
; It has begun to proliferate in recipes such as Moringa tea, Moringa corn stew, yellow rice with Moringa, scrambled Moringa; sautéed onion, pepper and buttered Moringa; and Moringa salad.
The most nutritious part of the tree is the leaf, which has the highest amount of protein and is
extremely rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, ribo-flavin, calcium, iron and magnesium. Three spoonfuls of moringa leaf powder contain 272 per cent of a typical toddler’s daily Vitamin A
requirement, along with 42 per cent of the protein, 125 per cent of the calcium, 71 per cent of the iron and 22 per cent of the Vitamin C, as
well as a full complement of minerals and all the amino acids of meat. Moringa has four times the vitamin A in carrots, seven times the vitamin C in oranges, and four times the calcium in milk.
From the pure moringa tree leaf constitutes the organic, natural, endurance and energy supplement of health.
Of all the common green leafy vegetables, drumstick leaves have the highest amount of protein. Moringa is used in many parts of the world to prevent malnutrition and to
combat several diseases, such as childhood blindness associated with vitamin deficiencies and other essential dietary insufficiencies.
According to researchers, Moringa oleifera has been reported to contain a rich
store of elements like zinc, which possesses antisickling activity, as well as organic acids. The leaves are also rich sources of flavonols and Phenolic acids which could be responsible for the exhibited antisickling activities.
India is the largest producer of Moringa, with an annual production of 1.1 to 1.3 million tonnes of tender fruits from an area of 380 km². Among the states,
Andhra Pradesh leads in both area and production (156.65 km²) followed by Karnataka (102.8 km²) and Tamil Nadu (74.08 km²). In other states, it occupies an area of 46.13 km². Tamil Nadu is the pioneering state insomuch as it has
varied genotypes from diversified geographical areas and introductions from Sri Lanka. It will support the farmers to improve their livelihood.
Moringa seed contains 40% by weight of oil. Laboratory tests confirmed that the presscake remaining after oil extraction still contains the active coagulants. It can be used to treat water.
Presscake can also be dried and stored. It may be obtained without cost as a by-product of oil extraction.
Thus Moringa seeds can be used first for oil extraction, without reducing their effectiveness for water treatment. Moringa oil is of
high quality and potentially has a high market value. The oil is of equal value both for cooking oil and as the main ingredient for the manufacture, powder, soap, creams, hand and dish washers, pills, tea bags,
toothpaste and other products. Additional benefits include its ornamental character, its high rate of growth, its easy cultivation, and the ability to withstand severe pruning.
Indian scientists have discovered an even more tantalising application of Moringa
oleifera, the drumstick plant "murunga", liquid extracted from its leaves can prevent lethal radiation damage to living tissues. The discovery by radiobiologists at the Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital and Research
Centre, Bhopal, raises fresh hopes that compounds from medicinal plants might emerge a major source of natural drugs that could prevent the harmful effects of radiation damage to living tissues.
The drumstick might one day find use in improving the efficiency of cancer treatment with
radiation because it can reduce the severe side-effects of radiotherapy. Radiation damage to normal tissues in the body lead to the adverse effects associated with radiotherapy.
Researchers in Japan and elsewhere had shown that Moringa Oleffera extracts had antitumour and anti- inflammatory agents..
In preliminary research, moringa seed powder is being assessed for its potential to make river water potable Research showed that filtering with seed powder may diminish water pollution and bacterial counts.
A new findings, which suggested that "Moringa oleifera" may play a role in the management of sickle cell disease, by incorporation of its fractions
into recipes was carried out by Olufunmilayo E. Adejumo; Adelodun L. Kolapo, and Akintomiwa O. Folarin. The 2012 study entitled “Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) grown in
Nigeria: In vitro anti-sickling activity on deoxygenated erythrocyte cells” was documented in the*Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences.
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2. L.J. Fuglie (1999). - Moringa: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics
3. Lea, Michael (2010). - Bioremediation of Turbid Surface Water Using Seed Extract from Moringa oleifera Lam.
4. Jed W. Fahey (2005). "Moringa oleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for Its Nutritional, Therapeutic, and Prophylactic Properties. Part 1.". .
5. Sanford Holst (2011).- Moringa (2 ed.).Santorini Publishing.
6. Water Purification with Moringa Seeds, African Journal of Agricultural Research,
7. A study from: Fozia Farooq, Meenu Rai, Avinash Tiwari, Abdul Arif Khan and Shaila Farooq