For all varieties of Hibiscus plant the basic requirement for healthy growth are: sun and warmth, sharp drainage, ample moisture and nutrients.
Growers now recognize three sizes: tall (6-10 ft/2-3 m), medium (3-6 ft/1-2 m), and low (under 3 ft, or 1 m), in
hibiscus culture the description refers to flower size, not shrub size. From the grower's point of view, the main consideration - apart from,
obviously, choosing the varieties that most appeal- is the space and location for the intended plant.
Always plant out in spring season. A larger plant may need to have any long or heavy bud-bearing stems trimmed back before planting. Handle the
roots gently, leaving the roots and clinging soil uppermost. Observe the spread of the roots: they
spread out at the sides more than down at the center. The planting hole should be wide and shallow, but well-dug and prepared deeply below, and mounded gently in the middle.
It's important that grafted plants have the graft area kept clear of soil and mulch, so don't plant
deeply. The shallow roots grow close to the surface. Cover lightly and then water well. While transplanting a long-established in-ground hibiscus to a new
location, it will be necessary to prune it first by cutting back to about two-thirds. It should be watered very thoroughly a day or two before transplanting. Cover the roots, and water well.
Hibiscus should be planted in the warmest part of the garden where they receive day-long sun. Sandy loam and good drainage is vital for the
growth. Hibiscus requires high humidity, well-prepared sites that have friable, loamy, good-quality soil with a pH reading of about 6 to 7, and plenty of organic matter that is routinely replenished. Like all plants, hibiscus need nitrogen, calcium , phosphorus ,
potassium, magnesium and sulfur as well as trace elements. Good-quality soil that is regularly enriched with organic matter should contain all of these elements.
The Hibiscus plant have grown for centuries in Indian and Pacific oceans countries. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, an old species that was grown as an ornamental
flower in China, is believed to have been cultivated there for hundreds of years. It have been in cultivation throughout much of the Asian continent, early reports of H. rosa-sinensis flowering around temples in China imply a Chinese origin,
hence the name "sinensis". Later the East African species H. schizopetalus, as well as H. cameronii -Hawaiian hybridists crossed and
re-crossed them in an extensive program that produced a total of more than 5000 horticultural varieties.
Using Hibiscus flowers for tea has been universally popular throughout history in a great many cultures and was the drink preferred by the Pharoahs of Ancient Egypt,
who drank Hibiscus tea to invigorate themselves in the desert heat. It is caffeine free with a distinct flavor, and has a lovely aroma.
In the mid-20th century intensive hybridizing work was done in Florida, and from Hawaii to southeastern U.S.A. Later still, Australian horticulturists began trialing new
cultivars with unprecedented success. By the 1980s there were over 4000 recognized tropical hybrids in cultivation. Today there are more than
10,000 hybrids worldwide. Throughout all of this breeding, H.rosa-sinensis remained the most important genetic parent
In India, the red hibiscus flower is used as an offering to goddess
Kali and Lord Ganesha in Hindu worship. Hibiscus syriacus is the national flower of South Korea, and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the national flower of Malaysia. The hibiscus is the national flower of the Republic of Haiti.
In traditional medicine Hibiscus plant was originally used as a medicinal herb to treat stomach ache and chest pains.
According to traditional medicine if we eat the buds of white hibiscus flowers early in the morning on empty stomach it should cure all the diseases. We can mix sugar if we are unable to eat directly.
According to the traditional medicine, the flowers of white Hibiscus can be dried in the shade of neem tree. Then they can be powdered and it can be used to fight all cancers.
Heart diseases, Hibiscus has antioxidant properties of flavonoids, polyphenolic compounds and anthocyanins that
can prevent the oxidation of Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDL). These antioxidants also help control cholesterol levels and reduce heart disease.
High Blood Pressure - Hibiscus tea lowers blood pressure in a group of prehypertensive and hypertensive adults.
.Eczema and Skin allergies - Hibiscus flower extracts are used in many herbal
ointments in the treatment of eczema and skin allergic problems.
Hair Care - Promotes Hair Growth and prevents premature hair Greying.
Hibiscus stimulates blood circulation and ensures the supply of essential nutrients to the hair follicles. In case of dandruff and hair loss, add coconut oil or sesame oil to a bunch of
hibiscus flowers and leaves and heat it. After cooling, strain the oil from the mixture and store in clean containers. Massage
this oil on scalp and leave it for an hour and wash the hair with good shampoo. The natural oil in this flower acts as a good conditioner
This flower can be used also as natural dye for hair
Fever - Hibiscus will help cool the body temperature down.
Skin care;- An extract from the flowers of Hibiscus rosa- sinensis has been shown to function as an anti-solar agent by absorbing ultraviolet radiation.
Protect from infections: Hibiscus flowers are nutritious as they are a rich source of vitamin C, minerals and
antioxidants. These nutrients protect the respiratory tract from infections. Even sore throat problems and cough can be cured by drinking this herbal tea.
The fiber from Hibiscus plant stem is qualitative. This can be used in manufacturing of clothes, nets and paper.
The ash obtained by burning the flower and leaves of this flower can be applied to eyebrows which glazes them black Jamaicans use this flower in herbal tea as it contains many minerals and vitamins.
The tea made from hibiscus flowers is known by many names in many countries around the world and is served both hot and cold. The beverage
is well known for its color, tanginess and flavor. In Jamaica and many other islands in the Caribbean, the drink is known as sorrel . The drink is popular at Christmas time. It is served cold, mixed with other
herbs, roots, spices and cane sugar.Certain species of hibiscus are also beginning to be used more widely as a natural source of food coloring. Dried hibiscus is edible, and is often a delicacy in Mexico.
One species of Hibiscus, known as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), is extensively used in paper -making. The bark of the hibiscus contains strong bast fibres that can be obtained by letting the stripped bark set in the sea to let
the organic material rot away. In Polynesia , these fibers are used for making grass skirts. They have also been known to be used to make wigs.
Many species are grown for their showy flowers or used as landscape shrubs , and are used to attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.
No measure side effects was observed using Hibiscus leaves or flowers.
The Hibiscus herb (foliage) used in hair care, skin care, Hibiscus tea and any medicinal uses. An extract from the
flowers of Hibiscus rosa- sinensis has been shown to function as an anti-solar agent by absorbing ultraviolet radiation. Its market is based on demand.
A 2008 USDA study shows consuming hibiscus tea lowers blood pressure in a group of prehypertensive and mildly hypertensive adults. Three cups of tea
daily resulted in an average drop of 8.1 mmHg in their systolic blood
pressure, compared to a 1.3 mmHg drop in the volunteers who drank the
placebo beverage. Study participants with higher blood pressure readings (129 or above) had a greater response to hibiscus tea: their systolic
blood pressure went down by 13.2 mmHg. These data support the idea that drinking hibiscus tea in an amount readily incorporated into the diet
may play a role in controlling blood pressure, although more research is required.
A study by scientists at Chung Shan Medical University in Taiwan
found out that the presence of antioxidants can reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the body.
Hibiscus a natural remedy for diabetes
Researchers at Assam’s Tezpur University and West Bengal’s Visva- Bharati University zeroed in on a phytochemical (plant-derived compound) from
the leaves of Sthalpadma or land-lotus (scientifically known as Hibiscus mutabilis and commonly called Confederate rose) that restores insulin sensitivity of cells and thereby helps lower blood sugar levels in
diabetic rats. Dubbed as a silent killer by experts worldwide, diabetes mellitus (Type 2 diabetes or T2D), or simply diabetes, is one of the
four major non-communicable diseases in India. Diabetes exists in two forms, Type-1 and Type-2.
‘In Type 1 diabetes, insulin, the hormone responsible for breaking down glucose in the body for utilization, is not produced in sufficient
quantities whereas in the Type 2, insulin is sufficient but not active. ‘We found that ferulic acid (FRL), belonging to the polyphenols,
extracted from leaves of the plant, has the potential to be a better therapeutic agent for diabetes,’ Samir Bhattacharya, emeritus professor,
School of Life Sciences (Zoology Department) at Visva-Bharati in Shantiniketan, told IANS over the phone.
The findings were published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research
Communications journal Aug 26. It states: ‘FRL could influence in improvement of glucose (sugar) level in diabetic rats within 15 days
when orally administered for eight days.’ The screening was part of the Department of Biotechnology’s Twinnings Research and Development project
that fosters collaboration with scientists from the northeastern states of India and national institutions from other parts of the country.