It is Diuretic, Emollient and Cooling. Used in inflamatory conditions of mucous memberane of gastro intestinal and genitourinary
tracts. Very well known as a laxative. It restores proper bowel movements and ued in treatment of chronic constipation, amoebic and bucillary
dysentary. Psyllium husk and seeds are formal Pharmacopoeia.
Constipation: Psyllium is a common ingredient in many constipation products, since it is a high source of fiber and it acts as a
bulk- forming laxative. It helps increase the volume of fecal matter, which stimulates a reflex contraction of the bowel walls that helps the stool pass smoothly.
Diabetes: Studies suggest that the various constituents of psyllium (such as soluble fibers, linoleic acid, and alkaloids) can help lower blood sugar levels.
Diarrhea: Psyllium's properties help to soak up a significant amount of excess
water in the digestive tract and make stool firmer. Therefore, it is an effective natural remedy for diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease.
Hemorrhoids: Psyllium helps to soften stool and an effective way to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.
Reduce high Cholesterol
The high levels of soluble fiber and linoleic acid in Psyllium stimulate the production of
cholesterol-lowering bile acids and reduce the amount of cholesterol absorption by the body.
Weight Loss: Dietitians believe that incorporating psyllium and other sources of fiber into the diet can help people lose weight faster.
Psyllium mucilage a dietary fiber for animals: Psyllium mucilage is also used as a natural dietary fiber for animals. The dehusked seed that remains after the seed
coat is milled off is rich in starch and fatty acids and is used in India as chicken feed and as cattle feed.
Other uses: As a thickener, it has been used in ice cream and frozen desserts.
Technical grade psyllium has been used as a hydrocolloidal agent to improve water retention for newly seeded grass areas and to improve transplanting success with woody plants.
Gujarat Isabgol-1, variety yields 800-900 kg of seeds per hectare. The new variety 'Gujarat Isabgol-2' has a potential to yield 1,000 kg of seeds per hectare.
India’s isabgol farms are spread over 55,000 acres in Gujarat and
Rajasthan. Farmers in Madhya Pradesh are catching on. From about 97 mn kg isabgol seed, two dozen companies manufacture husk. It is sold in grades according to purity and mesh size. Psyllium dust - called Kha Kha powder - is used industrially.
India is the largest producer of isabgol and exports seed and huskworth Rs 25 million annually. The husk is the rosey- white membranous
covering of the seed which constitutes the drug and is given as a safe laxative, particularly beneficial in habitual constipation, chronic diarrhoea and dysentery.
The United States is the world's largest importer of psyllium "husk" with over
60% of total imports going to pharmaceutical firms for use in products such as "Metamucil", "Effersyllium" and "Fiberall". P&G, which makes
Metamucil, is India’s single largest customer. Due to awareness about isabgol, demand
is pouring in from Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Germany, Japan, Pakistan, Spain and UK. Last year Organic India exported 500 t
isabgol. This year he expects sales to jump with the introduction of online delivery. The company has contracted farmers in Rajasthan to grow organic isabgol.
Expenditure per ha. Rs. 25,000/-
Return per ha. Rs.63000/-
Net income Rs.38000/- (YEAR-2001)
Note: Market for medicinal plants is volatile and the economics may vary.
Psyllium doesn't have any known side effects if consumed moderately with
plenty of water. However, some people may be allergic to psyllium, such as rash, hives, itchiness or swollen skin. In that
case they should stop the use of Psyllium husk and consult the physician.
Recent study shows that use in high fiber breakfast cereals containing psyllium are effective in reducing cholesterol. Several studies point to a
cholesterol reduction attributed to a diet that includes dietary fiber such as
psyllium. Research also indicates that psyllium incorporated into food products is more effective at reducing blood glucose response than
use of a soluble fiber supplement that is separate from the food.
1. Lantner, R.R., B. Espiritu, P. Zumerchik, M. Tobin. 1990.
"Anaphylaxis following ingestion of a psyllium-containing cereal." J.A.M.A.J. Am. Med. Assoc.
2. Chan, J.K.C. and V. Wypyszyk. 1988. A forgotten natural dietary fiber: psyllium mucilloid. Cereal Foods World
3. Anderson, J.R., K. Bukhave, L. Hojgaard, J. Rasmussen, N.
Hermansen, H. Worning and E. Krag 1988. Decomposition of wheat bran and isabgol husk in the stomach and small intestine of healthy men. J. Nutr.
4. Mathur, D.P., B. Rangarajan, V. Gupta. 1990. Psyllium production and marketing in India.
5. Modi, S.M., K. Mehta, and R. Gupta. 1974. Isabgol, a dollar earner of North Gujarat. Indian Farming
6. Jain, Manoj Kumar,1976. Psyllium. Ahmedabad, India
7. Samra, J.S. and B. Gill. 1986. Seed yield of Isabgol as influenced by doses and sources of nitrogen. J. Res. Punjab Agric. Univ.
8. Gupta, R. 1982. Recent advances in cultivation of Isabgol (Plantago ovata Forsk.) in India.
9. Czarnecki, M. and L. Golez. 1987. Influence of mineral fertilization on yield and nutrient absorption in Plantago psyllium
10. Rubis, D.D. 1990. Personal communique in regard to Plantago and psyllium.